The tension of a wire or rope is the degree to which it isstretched. — КиберПедия 

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The tension of a wire or rope is the degree to which it isstretched.

Frustration - фрастрЭйшен

disappointment or discouragement, or a discouraging situation:

[ U ] He finally quit in frustration.

[ U ] The teacher confirmed widespread frustration with the lack of up-to-datetextbooks.

[ C ] You have to learn to cope with these frustrations.

the act of preventing something from being achieved:

Our efforts to get funding to save the lighthouse met with frustration.

the feeling of being annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve what you want, or something that makes you feel like this:

I could sense his frustration at not being able to help.

This job has more than its fair share of frustrations.

His failure to get the right job has a been a great frustration to him.

In an effort

Trying toIn an effort to find romance, stop running around and picking low-hanging fruit. \ In some cases, they are lying in an effort to save their homes from foreclosure.\ Once again, police fired teargas at the crowds in an effort to control them.


Engulf - ингАлф

to surround and cover something or someone completely:

The flames rapidly engulfed the house.

Northern areas of the country were engulfed by/in a snowstorm last night.

The war is threatening to engulf the entire region.

Floodwaters engulfed midwestern farmlands.

Motorcade- мОутекэйд

a group of cars or other vehicles traveling together, usually one behind the other:

a presidential motorcade

dilute – дайлЮт

to make a liquid weaker by mixing in something else:

Dilute the juice (with water) before you drink it.

to reduce the strength of a feeling, action, etc.:

These measures are designed to dilute public fears about the product's safety.

Noun DilutionThe drug's effectiveness is decreased by dilution.

a dilution of standards

adjectivemade weaker by diluting:

dilute hydrochloric acid

when on earthused to emphasize the emotion you feel when you speak

and every one of them is wondering when on earth it will all end.

notorious - нотОриас

famous for something bad:

one of Mexico's most notorious criminals

The company is notorious for paying its bills late.

Progress – прОгресс

movement toward an improved or more developed state, or to aforward position:

The talks failed to make any progress toward a settlement.

Verb Progress - прогрЕсс

to improve or develop in skills, knowledge, etc.:

My Spanish never really progressed beyond the stage of being able to orderdrinks at the bar.

to continue gradually:

As the war progressed, more and more countries became involved.

We started off talking about the weather and gradually the conversation progressed to politics.

Pace(темп) – пЭйс()

the speed at which someone or something moves, or with which something happens or changes:

She walks four miles every day at a brisk pace.

You seem to be working at a slower pace than normal.

Verb to walk in one direction and then in the opposite direction, often because you are worried or waiting for something tohappen:

[ I ] She paced back and forth outside the courtroom.

Keep pace

To keep pace is to be in the same position as someone or something else as each progresses or moves forward:

fig. The Orioles won their ninth straight game to keep pace with Boston.

Dispose – диспОуз

to make someone feel a particular, and often bad, way toward someone else, or to influence someone in a particular way:

Her sense of humor disposed me to like her. \ His rudeness when we first met didn't dispose me very kindlyto/towards him

dispose of something to get rid of something; throw out or destroy:

Every month he must dispose of the oil his restaurant uses to fry potatoes.

The House will take up other issues once the tax bill is disposed of (= dealt with and completed).

Disposal nounthe act of getting rid of something:

the disposal of toxic wastes

at your disposal able to be used by you; able to help you:

I don’t have a car at my disposal.

Waste – вЭйст

a bad use of something valuable that you have only a limited amount of:

a waste of time/money

a waste of talent/ability

I felt like being there was just a waste.

unwanted matter or material of any type, esp. what is left after use:

[ C ] hazardous/toxic wastes

[ U ] Most people don’t recycle kitchen waste.

Human waste is excrement

verb to use something without care or thought:

Why should I waste my time on her?

You’re just wasting your money buying that stuff.

Commonly knownOne such object is pictured here, the galaxy NGC598, more commonly known as M33. \ It is most commonly caused by a parasitic disease known as lymphatic filariasis.\ Also, more commonly known as a California King in the United States of America.

Room – рУм

an area within a building that has its own walls, floor, ceiling, and door:

The house has a laundry room.

space available for something:

Is there any room for me in the car?

fig. She writes better, but there is still room for improvement.

verbto share a room with someone, esp. a rented room:

I roomed with Anita in college.

on offer available to be bought or used:

We were amazed at the range of products on offer.

Total – тОтал

the whole amount:

Add these up and give me the total.

We paid a total of $473.

adjectivecomplete or extreme:

Negotiations had to be held in total secrecy. \

including the whole amount:

Total grain exports have increased.

verbto destroy something completely:

She didn’t total the car, but she did a lot of damage.

to have as a whole amount, or to calculate this:

This history series totals twelve volumes in all.

Consist\ COMPRISE\ compose of – консИст\компрАйс\ кэмпОус

Consist, comprise and compose are all verbs used to describe what something is ‘made of’. We don’t use them in continuous forms.


Their diet only consisted of fruit and seeds.

The whole group consists of students.

We only use the active form of consist of:

Their flat consists of two bedrooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.

Not: Their flat is consisted of two bedrooms

Comprise is more formal than consist:

The USA comprises 50 states.

We can also use it in the passive voice in the form ‘be comprised of’:

The course is comprised of ten lectures and five seminars on the theory of economics and banking.

Comprise, but not compose, can be used with the parts that make up something as the subject:

Oil and coal comprise 70% of the nation’s exports.

Compose of is even more formal than consist of and comprise. Compose of is only used in the passive voice:

Muscle is composed of different types of protein.

Hypothermia - хайпосОрмиа

a serious medical condition in which a person's bodytemperature falls below the usual level as a result of being insevere cold for a long time:

In this current cold spell, many old people are dying needlessly of hypothermia.

Commission – камИшен

Verb to formally choose someone to do a special piece of work, or to formally ask for a special piece of work from someone:

The newspaper commissioned a series of articles on the worst excesses of the fashion industry. \ She received a commission to paint the governor’s portrait. He commissioned a report into the disaster. She's commissioned an artist to paint her portrait.\ The performance piece was commissioned(был заказан) by Ferens Art Gallery


Noun Payment a system of payment based on a percentage of the value of sales or otherbusiness done, or a payment to someone working under such a system:

[ C ] As a real estate agent, her commission is between 4% and 6% on every sale.

Crime [ U ] the act of doing something that is illegal or considered wrong:

the commission of a crime

Military [ C ] the official authority to be an officer in the armed forces:

She received her commission as a lieutenant in the US Army.

Work request a formal request to do a special piece of work for payment:

She received a commission to paint the governor’s portrait.


to break open or apart suddenly, or to cause something to break open or apart:

[ I ] Fireworks burst across the night sky.

[ T ] I thought I might have burst a blood vessel.\ I hate it when balloons burst. \ If I eat any more cake I'll burst (= I cannot eat anything else)!

A person who is bursting is extremely eager or enthusiastic:

[ I ] I was bursting with excitement.

to feel a strong emotion, or strong wish to do something:

I knew they were bursting with curiosity(кюриОсати) but I said nothing.

[ + to infinitive ] Tom was bursting to tell everyone the news.

uk informal I'm bursting to go to the loo!

show off – шоу офф

to do something to attract attention to yourself:

My parents were in town and I wanted to show off. \ She only bought that sports car to show off and prove she could afford one. \ He's always showing off to his classmates.

Be lost for words

to be so shocked, surprised, full of admiration, etc. that you cannot speak:

Mary was lost for words when she was awarded the prize. \ And then there are those who are simply lost for words.

Long-awaited – лон-авайтед

having been expected for a long time:

Last week the commission published its long-awaited report on the problem of teenage pregnancies(прЕгненсис).

It's not every day you see – не каждый день увидишь

Ceiling – сИлин

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