despite what has just been said or referred to:
I knew a lot about the subject already, but her talk was interesting nevertheless.
the way something is designed or arranged:
His house has three bedrooms and ours has four, but otherwise the layout is much the same.
Each article in the journal has its own typeface and layout.
to arrange something on a flat surface:
Most of Manhattan is laid out in/on a grid pattern.
We laid the pieces of the dress pattern out on the floor.
to explain or describe something in a clear and detailed way:
Our social media approach was laid out in the agenda.
lay sth out for sb He didn't understand that I was firing him, so I laid it out for him.
to design or arrange something in a useful way:
We laid out the web page so that the links were more clearly visible.
a piece of usually old, torn cloth:
I use these rags for cleaning.
They were dressed in rags (= in old, torn pieces of clothing).
pile-up – пАйл ап
A traffic accident involving several vehicles that hit each other
to increase in amount:
The work was piling up, and I decided I had to go in to the office on the weekend.
to pile up money; squirrels piling up nuts against the winter.
Fine – фАйн
nounan amount of money that has to be paid as a punishment for not obeying a rule or law:
If found guilty, he faces six months in jail and a heavy fine.
verbThey fined him $125 for driving through a red light.
Adjective very thin or in very small grains or drops:
fine blond hair
The paint comes out of the can in a fine spray.
She has her mother’s fine (= delicate and beautiful) features.
Be plain sailing
to be easy and without problems:
The roads were busy as we drove out of town, but after that it was plain sailing.
Therefore – следовательно\ поэтому
taste buds -teɪst ˌbʌdz
A group of cells, found especially on the tongue, that allow different tastes to be recognized
Obsolete – абселИт
adjectiveno longer used or needed, usually because something newer and better has replaced it:
Typewriters have been rendered obsolete by computers.
nouna space with nothing in it:
Some parents use television to fill the void they have created by not spending enough time with their kids, he said.
adjectivehaving no legal authority and therefore unacceptable:
The original version of her will was declared void.
verbto remove the legal force from an agreement or contract:
I’ll just void the check and pay you in cash.
Render(make) – рЕндер
to cause someone or something to be in a particular state:
[ + adj ] His rudeness rendered me speechless.
New technology has rendered my old computer obsolete.
To avoid rendering the insurance void
to give something such as a service, a personal opinion or expression, or a performance of a song or poem, etc. to people:
The singers rendered the song with enthusiasm.
We see that freight(фрЭйт – грузовые,груз,грузить) railroads make good profits while rendering excellent service.
To put a first layer of plaster or cement on a wall
nouna plan consisting of a number of activities directed toward the achievement of an aim:
He ran the governor’s campaign for reelection.
“Washington’s Crossing” is a history of the military campaign of 1776 and early 1777.
verbto try to achieve something, such as the election of someone to a political office, by taking part in a number of planned activities:
She campaigned for a law that would force the town to clean up the lake.
there has been a rather extraordinary turn of events – довольно необычный поворот событий
a margin of error – предел погрешности
When archaeologists date objects that are thousands of years old, they allow a margin of error of several hundred years.\ The poll had a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.
Meet a need – удовлетворить потребность
One African American said that he is not voting until black lives matter and that he is telling people not to vote until their needs are met.
riddled -rɪd.əld (пронизанный)
Adjective full of holes:
He wore an old jacket riddled with holes.
full of something unwanted:
an old sweater riddled with holes
a book riddled with errors Many of Brazil’s poorest residents live in favelas, or urban slums, which are riddled with drugs and crime.