Argument noun noun [C or U] (DISAGREEMENT)
B1 a disagreement, or the process of disagreeing:The children had an argument about/over what game to play. \ He got into an argument with Jeff in the pub last night. \ A decision was finally made after some heated argument.
noun [C or U] (REASON)
B2 a reason or reasons why you support or oppose an idea or suggestion, or the process of explaining these reasons:Now that we've heard all the arguments for and against the proposal, let's vote on it.[+ that] Her husband was not convinced by her argument that theyneeded a bigger house.I don't think that's a very strong/convincing/powerful argument.The central argument (= main point) of the book is that some of the plays were not written by Shakespeare.
Argumentation a set of arguments used to explain something or to persuade people:He produced very clever argumentation in support of the proposal.
Arguably – Аргуэбли adverbused when stating an opinion or belief that you think can be shown to be true:He is arguably the world's best football player.Arguably, the drug should not have been made available.
Arguableadjective If something is arguable, there could be some disagreement about it:It is arguable which way is quicker.
it is arguable that it is possibly true that:It is arguable that the government has failed in this respect.
deride - дирАйд
to show that you think someone or something is ridiculous or of no value:His blustery style is derided by many political pros.
rally – рАли
noun [C] (MEETING)
a public meeting of a large group of people, esp. to show support for a particular opinion, political party, or sportsteam:He helped organize the first national rally against the war.
noun [C] (IMPROVEMENT)
an improvement:Share prices fell again today after yesterday's rally.
Verb to bring or come together in order to provide support or make a shared effort:[I] African-American groups rallied around the president when he was under attack.
savoury – сЭйвори
Savoury food is salty or spicy and not sweet in taste:a savoury dish/sauce/flavour savoury dumplings/pancakes \ A pie can be sweet or savoury.
If you say that something is not savoury, you mean that it is not pleasant or socially acceptable:That hotel doesn't have a very savoury reputation.
reliable – релАйбл
adjective deserving trust; dependable:My car is old but it’s reliable.
Reliability noun The reliability of this smoke detector is guaranteed.
Reliably adverb His whereabouts were unknown, but he was reliably reported to be alive.
unreliable – анрелАйбл not able to be trusted or believed:The bus service is unreliable. \ unreliable evidence.
rely on/upon something/someone - релАй
to depend on or trust someone or something:You can’t rely on good weather for the whole trip. \ The system relies too heavily on one person.
frequent – фрИквент
adjective happening often; common:She makes frequent trips home to Beijing.
Frequently adverbI frequently disagree with him. \ I moved much more frequently than I wanted to.
Verb to often be in or often visit a particular place:They go to clubs frequented by artists.
Frequency noun (HAPPENING)
› [C or U] the number of times something happens within a particular period, or the fact of something happening often or a large number or times:Complaints about the frequency of buses rose in the last year. \ the increasing frequency of terrorist attacks \ It's not the duration of his absences from work so much as the frequency that worries me.
physics [C] the number of times that a wave is produced within a particular period, esp. within one second:Dogs can hear very high frequencies.
› [U] specialized physics the number of times that a wave,especially a light, sound, or radio wave, is producedwithin a particular period, especially one second:the frequency of lightlow frequency radiationThe human ear cannot hear very high-frequency sounds.
recluse – рЕклюс
a person who lives alone and avoids going outside ortalking to other people:He is a millionaire recluse who refuses to give interviews. Reclusive – реклЮсив
adjectivereclusive - реклЮсиф a reclusive life in rural Ireland
enforce – энфОрс
to cause a law or rule to be obeyed:We need to enforce the traffic laws.
to make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted:It isn't always easy for the police to enforce speed limits.The new teacher had failed to enforce any sort of discipline.
Enforcement the process of making sure that people obey something such as a law or rule: law enforcement \ enforcement of sth Firms in member states where enforcement of regulations is weaker could have an unfair competitive advantage
Adjective enforceablean enforceable law, rule, contract, etc. is one that people can be made to obey:The contract may not be legally enforceable if it is not drawn up correctly.
verb (of metal surfaces) to become less bright or a different color:[I] Silver tarnishes easily.
If something tarnishes your opinion of someone or something, you no longer believe the person or thing is as good as you had thought:[T] The scandal has tarnished the agency’s reputation.
defile – дифАйл
to spoil the goodness or beauty of something:Cans, paper bags, and other trash defiled the landscape.
Defilement дифАйлментthe heinous defilement of their most sacred site