a situation in which neither side has won a competition or argument, or an occasion when someone prevents officials from acting, usually by threatening violence:
The battle of wills between teacher and student was a standoff.
She locked herself in the house, but after a brief standoff, police convinced her to come out.
Embedded – имбЕдид
If an emotion, opinion, etc. is embedded in someone or something, it is a very strong or important part of him, her, or it:
A sense of guilt was deeply embedded in my conscience.
fixed into the surface of something:
The thorn was embedded in her thumb.
existing or firmly attached within something or under a surface:
A threat is embedded in the language of the statement.
Embedded system a computer system that does a particular task inside a machineor larger electrical system:
Vending machines, turnstiles and meters will come with embedded systemsthat will communicate with big computers over the web.
Spark – спАрк
a first small event or problem that causes a much worse situation to develop:
That small incident was the spark that set off the street riots.
a very small piece of fire that flies out from something that is burning, or one that is made by rubbing two hard things together, or a flash of light made by electricity:
Sparks were flying out of the bonfire and blowing everywhere.
You can start a fire by rubbing two dry pieces of wood together until youproduce a spark.
Verb to cause the start of something, especially an argument or fighting:
This proposal will almost certainly spark another countrywide debate about immigration.
The recent interest-rate rises have sparked new problems for smallbusinesses.
The visit of the G20 leaders sparked off (= caused the start of) massdemonstrations.
Sample(physical only)Example(actions\physical) – сЭмпл (сАмпл UK)
a small amount of something that shows you what the rest is or should be like:
a free sample of shampoo
samples of carpet/curtain material
Please bring some samples of your work to the interview.
verb to taste a small amount of food or drink to decide if you like it:
As the food looked so good, he decided to sample a little from each dish.
to experience a place or an activity, often for the first time:
So you're going to sample the delights/pleasures of the new restaurant?
specialized music to record part of a song and use the recording to make a new piece of music:
This song has been heavily sampled.
Claim – клЭим
to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it:
[ + (that) ] The company claims (that) it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.
[ + to infinitive ] He claims to have met the president, but I don't believe him.
All parties have claimed success in yesterday's elections.
An unknown terrorist group has claimed responsibility for this morning's bomb attack.
Indigenous – индИдженес
naturally existing in a place or country rather than arriving from another place:
Are there any species of frog indigenous to the area?
So who are the indigenous people of this land?
Extensive – икстЕнсив
covering a large area; having or being a large amount:
Extensive roadway repairs are causing traffic problems.
Extensive also means wide in range and including much detailed information:
Her knowledge of music is extensive.
Foster did extensive research on electromagnetic fields.
Quash – квАш
to say officially that something, especially an earlier official decision, is no longer to be accepted:
His conviction was quashed in March 1986 after his counsel argued that thepolice evidence was all lies.
to forcefully stop something that you do not want to happen:
The revolt was swiftly quashed by government troops.
The company moved quickly to quash rumours/speculation that it is losingmoney.
Delight – дилАйт
great pleasure, satisfaction, or happiness, or something or someone that gives this:
[ C ] My sister’s little boy is a real delight.
[ U ] His music teacher expressed delight with his performance.
verbto give someone great pleasure or satisfaction:
The songs of countrypeople and of sailors delight me.
Peter’s success at college delighted his family.
Delightful adjectivevery pleasant, attractive, or enjoyable:
Our new neighbours are delightful.
Thank you for a delightful evening.
Delighted adjective very pleased:
a delighted audience
Pat was delighted with her new house.
I was delighted at/by your news.
[ + that ] I'm absolutely delighted that you can come.
[ + to infinitive ] We'd be delighted to come to dinner on Friday.
delight in sth to get a lot of pleasure from something, especially something unpleasant:
Some people delight in the misfortunes of others.
My brother always delights intelling me when I make a mistake.
Flock – флАк\ (флОк Uk)
a group of sheep, goats, or birds, or a group of people:
a flock of ducks
a flock of reporters
verb to move or gather together in large numbers:
Tourists flock to the village.
[ + to infinitive ] Crowds of people flocked to see the Picasso exhibition.
Cushion – кУшен
a bag made of cloth, plastic, or leather that isfilled with soft material, often has an attractive cover, and is usedespecially on chairs for sitting or leaning on:
She sank back against/into the cushions.
something that makes the effects of a bad situation lesssevere:
You should aim to build up a cushion of money in case of emergencies.
verbto make the effect or force of something softer:
The soft grass cushioned his fall.
Resort – ризОт
a place where people can go on vacations to relax or for an activity they enjoy:
a ski resort \ The resort is easily accessible by road, rail and air. \
There has been an increase in outbound traffic leaving London airport for the Mediterranean resorts.
Be your last resort
to be the only person or thing that might be able to help you, when every other person or possibility has failed:
You have to help me - you're my last resort.
Harmony – хАрмэени
a pleasant musical sound made by different notes being played or sung at the same time:
singing in harmony
It is a simple melody with complex harmonies.
a situation in which people are peaceful and agree with each other, or when things seem right or suitable together:
racial harmony (= good feelings between different races)
domestic harmony (= good feelings in the family or home)
Imagine a society in which everyone lived together in(perfect) harmony.
We must ensure that tourism develops in harmony with the environment
Face off Thousands of choral singing fans have flocked to the Black Sea resort of Sochi for what's known as the Olympics of choral music where choirs from around the globe face off in a war of harmonies.
to prepare for a confrontation. The opposing candidates faced off and the debate began. They faced off and I knew there was going to be a fight. \ To cause something or someone to begin a confrontation or competition with or against something or someone: Theorganizers faced the finalists off against each other. The organizers faced each finalist off with the other. Theorganizers faced these two teams off early in the competition.
what's known asIn a healthy capitalistic economy, you have what's known as creative destruction. \ A standard business owners policy will have what's known as slip and fall coverage(кОверидж\ страховка I’ve got $50,000 worth of coverage for the contents of my house.)
Founded in – фАундедThe Department was founded in 1970 today we are in 2010 that is 40 years not 50. \ Founded in 2008, AcceloWeb is headquartered in Israel with US offices in Boston.
came to a close – подошли к концу\завершится
A night of chaos on the streets of Paris. This is how Euro 2016 came to a close. \ With both teams tied, the period came to a close and the game went into overtime.
desperate – дЕсприт
Adjective showing a willingness to take any risk in order to change a bador dangerous situation:
The ads are a desperate attempt to win last-minute votes.
A desperate person is willing to take any measures and may bedangerous:
very serious or dangerous:
There’s a desperate shortage of medical supplies in the area.
The earthquake survivors are in desperate need of help.
Desperation the feeling of being in such a bad situation that you will take anyrisk to change it:
In desperation, they jumped out of the window to escape the fire.
Disperse – дисПёс
to scatter or move away over a large area, or to cause this to happen:
[ I ] It took several hours for the crowd to disperse.
Vent - вЕнт
an opening that allows air, smoke, or gas to escape or enter an enclosed space:
The residents of the basement apartment ran outside after smelling smoke coming through a vent.
to express a negative emotion forcefully:
Walking relieves a lot of tension and it’s a good way to vent frustration.
Express - икспрЕсс
to show a feeling, opinion, or fact:
Her eyes expressed deep sadness.
I would like to express my thanks for your kindness.
Words can't express how happy I am.
These figures are expressed as a percentage of the total.
express yourself to communicate what you think or feel, by speaking or writing, or in some other way:
I'm afraid I'm not expressing myself very clearly.
Children often express themselves in painting.
Relieve – рилИв (relief = noun)
to make an unpleasant feeling, such as pain or worry, less strong:
She was given a shot of morphine to relieve the pain.
She relieved her boredom at home by learning how to type.
to improve an unpleasant situation:
New toll roads could help relieve congestion on other routes.
(REPLACE) to arrive or come in order to take the place of another person:
The guard is relieved at 6 p.m. by the night watchman.
relieve sb of sth to take from a person something that they are carrying, in ahelpful or polite way:
May I relieve you of that heavy bag?
to steal something from someone:
The pickpocket delicately relieved him of his wallet.
Tension – тЕншен (Давление\напряжение)
a feeling of nervousness before an important or difficult event:
You could feel the tension in the room as we waited for our exam results.
the state of being tight and stiff:
We need more tension in the wires, so pull them tighter.
anxiety and worry:
The tension was unbearable as we waited for our exam results.