Ш. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент Переведите предложения на русский язык. — КиберПедия


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Общие условия выбора системы дренажа: Система дренажа выбирается в зависимости от характера защищаемого...

Ш. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент Переведите предложения на русский язык.



 

1 If you are in England you should visit the National Gallery.

2 Laws must be executed without fail.

3 Living with them he has to follow their rules.

4 Tourists are to arrive on Monday.

5. You can book airplane tickets in advance.

IV. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст Перепишите и письменно переведите I, 2, и 3-й абзацы.

GREAT BRITAIN

1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK) occupies the territory of the British Isles. It consists of four main countries which are: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

2. The UK is an island state; it is composed of some 5,500 islands, large and small. The two main islands are: Great Britain (in which are England, Wales and Scotland) to the east and Ireland (in which are Northern Ireland and the independent Irish Republic) to the west. They are separated by the Irish Sea.

3. The United Kingdom is one of the world's smallest countries (it is twice smaller than France or Spain), with an area of some 244,100 square kilometres. The population of the UK is over 57 million people. English is the official language. Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch - Queen Elizabeth II - as a head of the state. Today the Queen is not only a head of the state, but also an important symbol of national unity.

4. Parliament, Britain's legislature comprises the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen, in her constitutional role. The centre of parliamentary power is the House of Commons. The political party system is an essential element in the working of the constitution. There are three main political parties: the Conservative Party, the Labour party and the Liberal Democrat Party. The Government is formed by the party with majority support in the Commons. The Queen appoints its leader as Prime Minister. Britain's democratic system of government is long established and has provided considerable political stability.

5 Britain became the world's first industrialized country in the late eighteenth centuries. Wealth was based on the manufacture of iron and steel, heavy machinery and textiles, and coalmining, shipbuilding and trade. Britain is the fifth largest trading nation in the world. Britain is an active member of the European Community.

 

V. Прочитайте 3-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос.

 

Is the United Kingdom a small country?

1. The U K is one of the largest countries of the world.

2. The UK is not a small country.

3. The UK is one of the world’s smallest countries.

BAPИAHT 3

I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо-временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе 6) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций ( см. образец выполнения 1)

 

a)

1. The region around the Great Lakes has changeable weather.

2. The congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

3. The country had developed this industry before the war began.

 

b)

1. The capital of the country, Washington, was named in honour of the first President,

George Washington.

2. The USA is washed by the Pacific Ocean.

3. He will be elected for four years.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните Рarticiple 1 и Рarticiple II , и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык (см. образец выполнения 2)

 

1. When travelling round the USA we can visit the largest and the most beautiful cities: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and others.



2. The Cordillera and the Rocky Mountains are well known mountains of the North American continent.

3. The bridge was broken with the thunder.

4. Having lived in New York for many years he knew the city well.

 

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент, переведите предложения на русский язык.

 

1. The President can be elected for four years.

2. In a few weeks we shall be able to visit New York.

3. You must translate this article without a dictionary.

4. I have to go there immediately.

5. He is to go on business trip in May.

 

IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2, 3 и 4-й абзацы текста.

The USA

The USA is one of the largest countries in the world. It is situated in the central part of the North American continent. The area of the USA is over nine million square kilometres. It is washed by the Pacific Ocean and by the Atlantic Ocean. The population of the United States is nearly 250 million people. The official language of the country is English. The capital of the country, Washington, was named in honour of the first President, George Washington.

If we look at the map of the USA we can see lowlands and mountains. The Cordillera and the Rocky mountains are well known mountains of the North American continent. America’s largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio Grande and the Columbia. As the USA is the large country, the climate is different in different regions. The Pacific coast is a region of mild winters and warm, dry summers. The region around the Great Lakes has changeable weather.

The USA is a highly developed industrial country. Among the most important manufacturing industries are: armament, aircraft, cars, textiles, radio and television sets, and furniture. When travelling round the USA we can visit the largest and the most beautiful cities: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and others.

The USA is a federal republic, consisting of fifty states. Each of these states has its own government. The seat of the central government is Washington, District of Columbia. According to the US constitution the powers of the government are divided into three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judicial. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The President is the head of the State and the government. He is elected for four years. There are two main political parties in the USA: the Republican and the Democratic.

 

Пояснения к тексту:

manufacturing – промышленный

executive – исполнительная

legislative – законодательная

judicial – судебная

the powers – полномочия

Washington D.C. – г. Вашингтон, округ Колумбия

 

V. Прочитайте первый абзац текста и вопрос к нему; из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащий правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

 

Where is the USA situated?

The USA is situated in the western part of the North American continent.

The USA is situated in the central part of the North American continent.

The USA is situated in the southern part of the North American continent.

ВАРИАНТ 4

I. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол- сказуемое и определите его видо-временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций (см. образец выполнения 1).



 

a)

1. He has been in London many times.

2. When you telephoned, I was having dinner.

3 The professor had left by the time we arrived.

 

б)

1. The goods will be delivered in the morning.

2. We are asked to come early.

3. He was given a very good advice.

 

II. Перепишите следующие упражнения, подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык (см. образец выполнения 2).

 

Having much time we decided to walk to the station.

Dried and sorted the goods were delivered to the shop.

The books published for children are well illustrated.

I gave the letter to the woman standing at the window.






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