The Forms of the Future in the Past — КиберПедия


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The Forms of the Future in the Past



  affirmative   Sub would V Val planned that she would read a book for pleasure that evening.
  negative Sub would V (Sub wouldn’t been V) Val planned that she wouldn’t read any documents that evening.
    interrogative WouldSub V? Would Val read a book for pleasure that evening? Yes, she would. No, she wouldn’t.

Exercise 1.Make up negative variants of the sentences:

Model: He promised that he would explain to me everything.

He promised that he would not explain to me anything.

  1. Tom was sure that he would recognize Garry at the station.
  2. I thought Serge would give me a chance to look through his notes before the exam.
  3. Mother understood that Rachael would cook the delicious dish herself
  4. It was decided that they would finish the report soon.
  5. The children promised that they would go to bed soon.
  6. The engineer was sure that the new apartment would be considerably cheap.
  7. Mary hoped that her mother would help her to choose a wedding dress.
  8. Emma learnt that her brother would take his entrance examination soon.
  9. Father did not know that his son would refuse to take part in karate competition.

Exercise 2.Read the statements and explain the situation, using the prompts, given in the brackets.

Model: Harold did not want to take an umbrella with him. (to keep fine) – Harold did not want to take an umbrella with him, as he was sure that the weather would keep fine until Monday.

  1. Mark decided not to do his home task, till his older brother came (to give him a helping hand).
  2. Herbert didn’t want to furnish his flat alone, he thought that his wife (to decorate/ good taste)
  3. Elliot and Doris realized that all their relatives (to be happy/ to arrange a wedding party).
  4. Joe didn’t want to tell his mother about his failure, as he knew (to bring sb to nervous breakdown).
  5. Stanley had been working very hard the whole year and still he was afraid (to get a bad mark)
  6. Mother woke Freddy up rather early, because she was terrified that (to miss the first train/ to lose much time).
  7. The Fosters were known as very accurate people that were why the hostess was sure that (to come in time).
  8. Katherine didn’t want to buy the costume as she was sure that (to gain weight).

Exercise 3.Use the verbs given in brackets in the Future Indefinite or the Future in the Past.

  1. She thinks they (to spend) their vacations brilliantly.
  2. Frances thought they (to spend) much time at the restaurant, as the prices were too high.
  3. Billy idled away his time and thought that he (to learn) everything during the last night before the exam.
  4. Danny feels that it (to be impossible) to memorize all the material during one day.
  5. Henry promised his mother that he (to get down to work) more seriously than ever.
  6. Nobody believes that Raymond (to work) at his English tooth and nail in future.
  7. Vanessa realized that she (to spoil) the whole party if she failed to cook the dish for the main course.

 


Revision Exercises on Past Tenses:

Exercise 1.

Use the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous, the Past Perfect, the Present Perfect instead of the infinitives in brackets:

  1. He (to come) home late yesterday.
  2. She is very glad: she (to finish) her composition at last
  3. He (to translate) the whole text by eleven o’clock.
  4. I (to be) in Rome
  5. Last year we (to work) very much.
  6. When I (to have) breakfast, I went to school.
  7. I (not to see) you for ages! I am very glad to see you.
  8. When you (to see) the “Swan Lake”?
  9. My sister already (to graduate) from the institute.
  10. He repaired the toy which his brother (to break) the day before.
  11. I (to see) an interesting TV program this week.
  12. You ever (to be) to Trafalgar Square?
  13. They (to cook) the whole day yesterday.
  14. I just (to see) Jack.
  15. She (to wash) the dishes from five till six.
  16. Look! She (to draw) a very nice picture.
  17. At that time yesterday I (to talk) to my friend.
  18. The TV program (to begin) before I (to come) home.
  19. I (not to eat) ice cream since summer.
  20. I understood that she (not to read) my letter.
  21. She (to do) the rooms when I (to come) home.
  22. It’s all right: she (to find) the way out of the situation.

Exercise 2.Use the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous, the Past Perfect, the Present Perfect instead of the infinitives in brackets:

  1. Last summer we (to live) in the country and (to go) to the river every day.
  2. My sister (to spend) a lot of money yesterday.
  3. She is so upset: she (to lose) the key to the front door.
  4. By the first of September all the children (to return) from the country.
  5. Columbus (to discover) America 500 years ago.
  6. Columbus (not to know) that he (to discover) America.
  7. I already (to read) five English books.
  8. He (to discuss) the problem with a lot of people before he (to take) a decision.
  9. Mother (to bake) a delicious cake! Sit down at the table and let’s eat it!
  10. She (to read) an English book the whole evening yesterday.
  11. I never (to be) to Greece.
  12. They (to tell) me yesterday that you (to get) an excellent mark.
  13. Our grandmother (to cook) dinner from 12 till 3 o’clock yesterday.
  14. Look! What beautiful flowers she (to buy)!
  15. They (to travel) along the coast of Africa last year.
  16. We (not to see) each other for ages.
  17. They (to eat) all the apples which I (to bring).
  18. When the children (to have dinner), they (to go) for a walk.
  19. You ever (to be) to the Niagara Falls?
  20. At this time yesterday they (to sit) on the sofa and (to listen) to their grandmother who (to tell) them fairy tales.
  21. My friend just (to ring) me up from London.
  22. I (to stand) at the tram stop when it (to begin) raining.
  23. We (not to skate) since last winter.

Exercise 3. Use the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous, the Past Perfect, the Past Perfect Continuous instead of the infinitives in brackets:

  1. Antonia (to stand) smiling in the doorway. She (to know) that they just (to talk) of her.
  2. They (not to go) far when the girl suddenly (to cry): “Why, we are in the garden!” Without knowing how, they (to enter) a large garden.

3. Early that morning, when we just (to leave) the house we (to meet) the man, that we (to look) for since Monday.

4. But still he (to sit) there motionless. He (to be) tired, he (to be) so very tired. It (to seem) to him that he (to be) tired for a very long time.

5. I (to find) that I (to be) too late to catch the London train. Hailing the first taxy that (to pass), I (to reach) the station at ten minutes to three, only two minutes later the train (to leave) it.

6. Sir George, who (to talk) in a loud voice, (to turn) round sharply.

7. Mrs. Meadows (to tell) me that he (to talk) about all the things that (to happen) to him in his long life.

8. It (to be) four o’clock when she (to hear) the sound she (to wait) for over an hour: the door at the bottom of the stairs (to creak).

9. It (to be) all so sudden that for a moment no one (to know) what (to happen).

10. She (to say) to herself all the way up from Oxford that she must have somebody to talk it over.

11. When I (to come) to see him the next day I (to learn) that he (to die) in his sleep.

12. Tony (not to know) that the man they (to talk) about (to be) Michael’s friend.

13. The moon (to rise) now and the lake (to be) fully visible.

 

 


Future Tenses

The Future Indefinite Tense

Pattern I

a)I (you) shall (will) go to the University tomorrow.

We use the Future Simple Tense to denote actions of facts in the future.

Markers: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, in a week (month, year)

Pattern II.

b) I shall (will) go there if (when) you come.

Mind! The Future Simple Tense is not used in adverbial clauses of time and condition.

The clauses usually begin with the following conjunctions:

a) The clauses of condition begin with:

if, in case, on condition that

b) The clauses of time begin with:

when, till, until, as soon as, after, while, unless

 

The Forms of the Future Indefinite Tense:

 

affirmative: Sub will V1. (I/We shall V1) Helen will go to school next year.
negative: Sub will not (won’t) V1. (I/We shall not (shan’t) V1) Helen will not (won’t) go to school next year.
interrogative WillSub V1 ? (Shall I/We V1?) Will Helen go to school next year? Yes, she will. No, she will not. (No, she won’t)

Exercise 1.Say that the same will take place tomorrow, on Sunday, next week, etc.

Model

T.: Tom comes home at 8 o’clock every day.

St.: Tom will come home at 8 o’clock tomorrow.

1. Tom gets up at 8 o’clock.

2. He does his morning exercises at 8.05.

3. Tom washes up at 8.10.

4. He dresses at 8.15.

5. After that he has breakfast.

6. He is ready to go to his classes at 8.30.

7. Tom catches a bus at 8.38.

8. He comes to the University at 8.55.

9. Tom listens to the lectures from 9 to 2 o’clock.

10. He has dinner at 3 o’clock.

Exercise 2.Disagree with the following according to the model:

Model

T.: Tom will get up at 7 o’clock.

St.: No, he won’t. Tom will not get up at 7 o’clock.

Use the sentences from Ex. 1.

Exercise 3.Make the following sentences interrogative using the model.

a) Model I

T.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock.

St.: Will Tom get up at 8 o’clock?

Use the sentences from Ex. 1.

b) Model II

T.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock.

St.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock, won’t he?

Use the sentences from Ex. 1.

Exercise 4.Ask special questions according to the model.

a) Model I

T.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock.

St.: Who will get up at 8 o’clock?

b) Model II

T.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock.

St.: What will Tom do at 8 o’clock?

c) Model III

T.: Tom will get up at 8 o’clock.

St.: When (at what time) will Tom get up?

Use the sentences from Ex. 1.

Exercise 5.Respond to the statements according to the model. Use the given suggestions.

Model 1

T.: I can’t do this work myself. (help you)

St.: Shall I help you?

1. We want to listen to the news. (switch on the radio)

2. I want to go to the cinema today. (buy the tickets)

3. I don’t know where the library is. (take you there)

4. I have no pen. (give you mine)

5. It is dark in the room. (switch on the light)

6. I haven’t got a dictionary. (bring my dictionary)

7. I have no time to post my letter today. (do it)

8. I don’t understand this rule. (explain it to you)

9. I know you have a new TV-set. (show it to you)

10. Pete doesn’t know the words. (tell him)

Model II

T.: I am tired. (go home)

St.: Shall we go home?

1. I don’t remember the way to the station. (walk there together)

2. I like music. (listen to my new records)

3. I’m afraid we’ll be late. (take a taxi)

4. He is late, as usual. (wait for him a minute or two)

5. I am sure she is hungry. (take sandwiches for her)

6. It is rather stuffy in the room. (open the window)

7. We know the rules badly. (go through them again)

8. He arrives at 7 in the evening. (meet him)

9. I am very tired. (have a rest)

10. They are not ready. (wait for them)

Exercise 6.Complete the sentences using the given suggestions.

Model

T.: I’ll phone you as soon as… (to arrive)

St.: I’ll phone you as soon as I arrive.

1. If I have time I … (to go to the Art Museum)

2. He will get a good mark if … (to work hard at his English)

3. They will win the competition if they … (move quicker)

4. We’ll go to the theatre when we … (to have spare time)

5. He will phone me when he … (to come here)

6. She will come in time if she … (to catch a bus)

7. He will buy these gloves if they … (not to cost much)

8. She will tell him everything when he … (to meet her)

9. They will give you the book when you … (to come)

10. They will help you if … (to want)

11. He will go to the concert if … (not to be busy)

12. She will post the letter when … (to write it)

Exercise 7.Join the following sentences using the suggested conjunctions.

Model I(use the conjunction as soon as)

T.: He will send them a telegram. He’ll arrive in London.

St.: He will send them a telegram as soon as he arrives in London.

1. We’ll join you. We’ll be ready.

2. She will speak to Dr. Sandford. He will be free.

3. He will phone you. He will get back.

4. He will leave for home. We’ll have holidays.

5. She will return you the book. She will read it.

6. They will speak to you. They see you.

7. He will have dinner. He will come home.

8. She will cook breakfast. She will get up.

9. They will go to the river. They will come to the village.

10. We will meet you. We will receive your note.

Model II (use the conjunction when)

T.: He will come to you. You will invite him.

St.: He will come to you when you invite him

1. He will give you the book. He will come back.

2. She will help you. She will come home.

3. We’ll meet you at the station. You will send us a telegram.

4. They will go to the shop. They will have time.

5. She will go to the pictures. He will invite her.

6. He will go home. Our classes will be over.

7. He will show you the letter. You will come home.

8. The teacher will return our dictations. She will mark them.

9. They will go for a walk. The weather will be good.

10. I will phone him. My sister will finish her talk.

Model III (use the conjunction after)

T.: They will open the meeting. Everybody will come.

St.: They will open the meeting after everybody comes.

1. You will understand the rule. The teacher will explain it.

2. He will have dinner. He will come home.

3. They will go for a walk. It will stop raining.

4. She will have breakfast. She will get up.

5. I’ll give you this book. I’ll read it.

6. She will try the dress on. She will buy it.

7. They will visit you. They will finish the work.

8. Jack will do his homework. He will have dinner.

9. Ann will buy a new pen. She will break her old one.

10. We will visit our friends. They will return from their trip.

Model IV (use the conjunction before)

T.: Pete will tell us the news. He will leave for Kiev.

St.: Pete will tell us the news before he leaves for Kiev.

Use the sentences of Model III.

Model V (use the conjunction while)

T.: She will look after the children. We will be away.

St.: She will look after the children while we are away.

1. She will stay with her sister. We’ll be at the theatre.

2. He will wait for you in the street. You will do the shopping.

3. They will stay at our house. They will be in N. Novgorod.

4. Nick and his friend will play a game of chess. You will watch TV.

5. He will mend your shoes. You will wait.

6. Ann’s mother will cook supper. Ann will do her homework.

7. Their father will read a newspaper. Their mother will cook dinner.

8. Mrs. Brown will speak with her friend. Mr. Brown will read a book.

9. Mary will clean the flat. Her sister will wash the linen.

10. The boys will play football. The girls will watch an interesting film.

11. They will wait for the children. They will have dinner.

12. The teacher will look through the notebooks. The pupils will write a test.

Model VI (use the conjunction till or until)

T.: I will stay in Kiev. I will finish my business there.

St.: I will stay in Kiev till I finish my business there.

1. You will not leave. They will be there.

2. I shall keep his books. He will need them.

3. They will wait. He will come.

4. She will look after him. He will be well again.

5. Nick will not cross the road. The light will change to green.

6. Helen will not attend her classes. She will be better.

7. John will not come home. He will repair his car.

8. Jane will stay at her sister’s house. Her sister will return home.

9. The people will wait for the train. It will arrive.

10. They will listen to the concert. It will end.

11. The boy will learn French. He will know it well.

12. Fred will work at this office. He will find another job.

Model VII (use the conjunction unless)

T.: Ted will not give you this book. He will be through with it.

St.: Ted will not (won’t) give you this book unless he is through with it.

1. He will not write. He will need something.

2. She will phone us. She will forget to do it.

3. We shan’t be able to go. We’ll book the seats.

4. He will not catch the train. He will hurry.

5. The students will never know the language well. They will study hard.

6. Jack will not get well. He will follow the doctor’s instructions.

7. They will not stay in the country. It will get warmer.

8. They won’t know the rules well. They will read them carefully again.

9. He will not borrow the books from the library. He will return the old ones.

10. The baby will not stop crying. It will get its milk.

11. The Browns will not invite you to their house-warming party. They will refurnish their flat.

12. His brother’s car won’t go properly. He will repair it.

Exercise 8.Answer the questions using the subordinate clauses of time and condition.

Model

T.: Will you go to the party?

St.: Yes, I’ll go to the party if / when / as soon as I do my homework..

1. When will you come to her place?

2. After what will you play the piano?

3. Till what time will you read the book?

4. Will you speak with an English tourist?

5. Will you help your little sister (brother)?

6. When will you phone your friend?

7. When will you take your exams?

8. When will your friend come to see you?

9. Will he bring you a present?

10. Till what time will you wait for her?

Exercise 9.Ask and answer all types of questions using the following situations. Work in pairs using general, disjunctive, special and alternative questions.

I. 1. Tom will go to school tomorrow.

2. Ann will go to the park in the evening.

II. 1. Polly will come home in an hour.

2. Polly’s mother will have dinner when she comes home.

III. 1. Jack will phone home as soon as he arrives in London.

2. Jack’s friend will go to London next week.

IV. 1. The children won’t go for a walk if the weather is rainy.

2. The boys will play football if the weather is sunny tomorrow.

V. 1. Ann’s mother will go shopping on Saturday.

2. Ann will help her mother about the house unless she is busy.

VI. 1. This girl will do her homework after she has dinner.

2. Her friend will go for a walk after dinner.

Exercise 10.Make up your own situations on the analogy with the above ones and work in pairs asking all types of questions.

Exercise 11.Make up your own situations on the analogy.

Exercise 12.Make up dialogues using the following key-words.

1. to have spare time, to invite, to see the film, to be on, as soon as, if, to be busy, at the disposal.

2. to be good at skating, to take part in the competition, unless, to train hard, to win the first prize.

3. to go for a walk, the weather, to be fine, when, if, to do homework, to have a good time.

4. to go to a football match, to be fond of, to buy the tickets, (not) to be late, to invite.

5. to watch TV, as soon as, unless, to come home, from work, the parents, to do homework.

6. to miss classes, to be late for, reasonable excuse, if, to get on one’s nerves.

Exercise 13.Translate into English.

1. Он будет делать уроки вечером.

2. Ей потребуется 15 минут, чтобы дойти до парка.

3. Аня расскажет вам интересную историю, если вы ее попросите.

4. Когда Том приедет в Москву, он обязательно позвонит вам.

5. Я напишу моим друзьям, как только у меня будет свободное время.

6. Джон купит велосипед, когда у него будут деньги.

7. Они не пойдут на прогулку, если погода будет плохая.

8. Друзья Билла приедут на следующей неделе, если ничего не случится.

9. Они пойдут в театр в следующее воскресенье.

10. Пока он в Москве, он увидит много интересных спектаклей.

11. Если у вас нет словаря, вы не переведете этот сложный текст.

12. Через два дня Нелли собирается пойти на концерт своей любимой группы.

13. Что вы будете делать, когда придете домой?

14. Вы пойдете в кино вечером, если кто-нибудь вас пригласит?

15. Когда дождь прекратится, вы пойдете на стадион?

16. Кто позвонит домой, как только прибудет в Лондон?

17. Как только она придет домой, она будет обедать, не так ли?

18. Что вы будете делать, если в доме нет хлеба?

19. О чем вы попросите Дена, когда увидите его в следующем месяце?

 


The Future Continuous Tense

Pattern I

This time on Sunday he will be sitting with his parents.

We use the Future Continuous (Progressive) Tense to denote an action which will be going on at a certain moment in the future.

Pattern II

I shall be waiting till you return.

The moment in the future is expressed by a verb in the Present Indefinite (Simple) tense.

 

The Forms of the Future Continuous Tense:

 

affirmative: Sub will be Ving . (I/We shall be Ving) Helen will be reading a book at 3 o’clock tomorrow.  
negative: Sub will not (won’t) be Ving. (I/We shall be Ving) Helen will be reading a book at 3 o’clock tomorrow.  
interrogative Will Sub be Ving ? (Shall I/We Ving) Will Helen be reading a book at 3 o’clock tomorrow? Yes, she wll. No, she will not. (No, she won’t)

 

Exercise 1.Repeat after the tutor.

  1. Ann and Tom will be leaving home at 11 tomorrow.
  2. They will be waiting for a bus from 11 till 11.15.
  3. They will be walking along the street at 11.25.
  4. Ann and Tom will be looking at the pictures at 11.30 tomorrow.
  5. From 1 to 1.30 they will be eating ice-cream.
  6. Ann and Tom will be buying some things from 1.30 to 2.45.
  7. They will be buying a hat and some books at that time.
  8. At 3 sharp they will be having dinner at a café.
  9. At 5 o’clock they will be going to visit their friends.
  10. Ann and Tom will be dancing in the evening.
  11. After that they will be going home.
  12. At 7.30 they will be watching TV.

Exercise 2.Disagree with the statements and correct them.

Model

T.: Ann and Tom will be going home at 11 o’clock.

St.: No, they will not be going home at 11 o’clock, they will be leaving home at 11 o’clock.

  1. Ann and Tom will be playing tennis at 11.
  2. They will be buying flowers at 11.25.
  3. At 11.30 they will be listening to music.
  4. They will be moving to a new flat at 1 o’clock.
  5. Ann and Tom will be watching a film at 1.30.
  6. They will be reading books from 1 to 2 tomorrow.
  7. After that they will be lying in the sun.
  8. They will be going shopping at 5 o’clock.
  9. They will be having dinner at 6 o’clock.
  10. They will be dancing at 7.45.

Exercise 3.Answer the questions using the given suggestions.

Model

T.: What will you be doing on Sunday?

St.: On Sunday I’ll be making a dress.

  1. What will you be doing tomorrow afternoon? (to drive to the seaside)
  2. What will you be doing at this time next week? (to bathe in the Black Sea)
  3. What will your grandmother be doing when we arrive? (to work in the garden)
  4. What will Nick be doing at the university at 11 o’clock? (to listen to the lecture)
  5. What will they be doing at this time tomorrow? (to fly to Kiev)
  6. What will Ann be doing at the concert tomorrow? (to sing Russian folk songs)
  7. What will your friend be doing at this time the day after tomorrow? (to interview a foreign delegation)
  8. What will Miss Brown be doing in spring? (to lecture at the Linguistic University)
  9. What will you be doing at the party on Saturday? (to dance)
  10. What will your pal be doing all day tomorrow? (to sew a new dress)

Exercise 4.Change the following sentences using the Future Continuous Tense.

Model

T.: Are you going to visit him tomorrow?

St.: Will you be visiting him tomorrow?

  1. When are you going to have lunch?
  2. Are you going to visit the Hermitage this week?
  3. How long are they going to stay there?
  4. When is he going to arrive?
  5. Are you going to use this book for your report?
  6. Where is he going to spend his holidays?
  7. When are your parents going to return?
  8. Is she going to stay to tea?
  9. Are you going to watch the show tonight?
  10. Is he going to do the shopping tomorrow?

Exercise 5.Ask questions according to the model.

T.: I shall be having lunch at 12 o’clock. (When)

St.: When will you be having lunch?

  1. He will be visiting her tomorrow. (Who)
  2. They will be visiting the Hermitage this week. (What)
  3. They will be staying here for two weeks more. (Who)
  4. He will be going home at 7 tomorrow. (When)
  5. He will be using this book for his report. (What)
  6. He will be spending his holidays in the Ukraine. (Where)
  7. My parents will be returning tomorrow. (When)
  8. She will be having tea at 4. (What)
  9. They will be watching the show tonight. (When)
  10. He will be doing the shopping tomorrow. (Who)

Exercise 6.Ask and answer all types of questions using the following situations.

I. 1. Tom will be listening to music at 7 in the evening.

2. Ann will be having supper at this time.

II. 1. The boys will be playing football from 5 to 7.

2. The girls will be walking in the park at this time.

III. 1. Mr. Brown will be working the whole day tomorrow.

2. Mrs. Brown will be cleaning the house during the day tomorrow.

IV. 1. Lucy will be helping her mother at 2 o’clock.

2. Jack will be doing his homework at this time.

Exercise 7.Make up your own situations and work in pairs asking each other all types of questions.

Exercise 8.Answer the following questions.

1. When will you be listening to the laboratory work?

2. Will you be skating tomorrow at 3 o’clock?

3. At what time will your friend be flying to the Crimea?

4. Bob will be driving a car on Sunday morning, won’t he?

5. How long will she be doing her hair?

6. Who will be listening to the concert with you tomorrow?

7. What will you be doing tomorrow evening?

8. Where shall we be having our tea?

9. How long will you be writing this letter?

10. Where will they be dancing on Saturday?

Exercise 9.Extend the sentences using the suggestions.

Model

T.: Don’t call for me at 6 (sleep)

St.: Don’t call for me at 6. I shall be sleeping.

  1. Don’t phone them at 7 in the morning. (sleep)
  2. Don’t send us any letters in June. (travel)
  3. Don’t call on us tonight. (pack)
  4. Don’t write mother about the accident. (worry)
  5. Don’t leave the child alone. (cry)
  6. Don’t tell the granny about it. (grumble)
  7. Don’t come to Ann next Saturday. (work)
  8. Don’t wait for Jane tomorrow. (prepare for her exams)
  9. Don’t sing this song for them. (laugh)
  10. Don’t come to my place at 5. (visit my sick friend)

Exercise 10.Agree with the following according to the model.

Model

T.: Tom and Ann will be crossing the road when the car stops.

St.: Yes, you are right. They will be crossing the road when the car stops.

  1. Mary will be waiting till the bus comes.
  2. Mr. Brown will be reading when Mrs. Brown comes in.
  3. They will be playing basketball when Mrs. Brown comes to them.
  4. Mary will be lying in the sun till it begins to rain.
  5. Pete will be training until it begins to rain.
  6. Tom will be skiing till it snows.
  7. Dick will be skating until it begins to snow.
  8. Ann and Tom will be playing chess when Pete comes in.
  9. John will be drawing until Nick comes in.
  10. Mary will be sewing when the child falls down.

Exercise 11.Disagree with the tutor according to the model. Correct the statements.

Model

T.: Mary will be waiting till the bus comes.

St.: I’m afraid you are mistaken. Mary will not be waiting till the bus comes. She will take a taxi.

Use the sentences from ex. 10.

Exercise 12.Ask general questions.

Model

T.: Mary will be waiting till the bus comes.

St.: Will Mary be waiting till the bus comes?

Use sentences from ex. 10

Exercise 13.Ask special questions according to the model. Use sentences from ex. 10.

Model

T.: Mary will be waiting till the bus comes.

St.: Who will be waiting till the bus comes?

1. What 5. Who 9. Who

2. Who 6. Till what time 10. When

3. Till what time 7. What 11. Till what time

4. What 8. When 12. Who

Exercise 14.Join the sentences using the suggested conjunctions.

Model

T.: I shall be reading. You will ring me up. (till)

St.: I’ll be reading till you ring me up.

  1. Tom will be listening to the radio. His friend will come to visit him. (when)
  2. Andrew and Pete will be discussing a problem. You will come to them. (till)
  3. Mother will be having a rest. You will cook dinner. (while)
  4. The tutor will not be explaining the problem. You will sit still. (until)
  5. The students will be writing a test. They will be through with the new material. (as soon as)
  6. She will be looking after her sister. The mother will return from work. (till)
  7. Dick will be sleeping. The alarm clock will wake him up. (till)
  8. The students will be talking. The lecturer will make them stop it. (till)
  9. The girl will be playing the piano. You will listen to her. (when)
  10. I shall be working. You will return. (when)
  11. John will be doing his morning exercises he will hear the news. (when)
  12. I shall be leaving for Moscow. You will phone me. (as soon as)

Exercise 15.Make up your own sentences using the above patterns.

Exercise 16.Make up short stories using Future Continuous.

Model

Tom Brooks is 17. He has finished school and now he is a factory worker. He is a night watchman and when the workers stop working he will be staying at the factory till morning comes.

You may use any topic you like.

Exercise 17.Answer the questions.

  1. When will your mother be cooking dinner?
  2. When will you be preparing for your seminar?
  3. Will your sister be watching TV at that time?
  4. Who will be typing some important letters the whole day tomorrow?
  5. What will you be doing at this time tomorrow?
  6. When are you having your birthday party?
  7. Who will be helping you to make everything ready for the party?
  8. Till what time will your sister be walking tomorrow?
  9. Will she be walking alone?
  10. Who will be going shopping tomorrow?
  11. Till what time will you be watching TV tomorrow?
  12. Nick will be riding a bicycle as soon as he is through with his work, won’t he?
  13. Will you be having supper when your father comes home today?
  14. Will Ted be missing classes next year? Why?
  15. What will Nock be doing while his mother is away?
  16. One of these days you will be seeing your friend. Won’t you?
  17. Till what time will Kevin be lying in bed?
  18. Who will be carrying your suitcase to the station next Sunday?
  19. When will your father be listening to the latest news?
  20. Who will be washing the floor when you come home tomorrow?
  21. How long will your friend be looking at the picture at the museum?
  22. When will you be swimming in the sea?

 


The Future Perfect Tense

Pattern I

a)She will have done the work by 6 o’clock tomorrow.

The structure denotes an action completed before a definite moment in the future.

Pattern II

b) By the end of June she will have worked there for 30 years.

It denotes an action which will begin before a definite moment in the future, will continue up to that moment and will be going on at that moment.

 

The Forms of the Future Perfect Tense:

 

affirmative: Sub will have V3 . (I/We shall have V3) Helen will have read the book by 3 o’clock tomorrow.
negative: Sub will not (won’t) have V3. (I/We shall not (shan’t) have V3) Helen will not (won’t) have read a book at 3 o’clock tomorrow.  
interrogative Will Sub have V3 ? (Shall I/We have V3) Will Helen have read the book by 3 o’clock tomorrow? Yes, she will. No, she will not. (No, she won’t)

 

Exercise 1. Say that you will do the same.

Model

T.: He will have read the book by the end of the week.

St.: I’ll have read the book by the end of the week, too. (also)

  1. Ann will have got up by six tomorrow.
  2. She will have done her morning exercises by 6.15.
  3. She will have washed by 6.30.
  4. Ann will have dressed by 6.35.
  5. She will have had breakfast by 7 o’clock.
  6. She will have put on her hat and coat by 7.15.
  7. Ann will have waited for the bus by 7.30.
  8. She will have come to the University by 7.45.
  9. She will have listened to the lectures by 2 o’clock.
  10. Ann will have had dinner before 3 o’clock.

Exercise 2.Disagree with the statements.

Model

T.: She will have come home by 5 o’clock.

St.: No, she will not have come home by 5 o’clock.

  1. Ann will have got up by 5 tomorrow.
  2. She will have done her morning exercises by 5.30.
  3. She will have washed by 6 o’clock.
  4. Ann will have dressed by 6.05.
  5. She will have had breakfast by 6.15.
  6. She will have put on her hat and coat by 6.35.
  7. Ann will have waited for the bus by 7 o’clock.
  8. She will have come to the University by 7.15.
  9. She will have listened to the lectures by 12 o’clock.
  10. Ann will have had dinner by 1 o’clock.

Exercise 3.Ask general questions using the sentences from ex. 2.

Exercise 4.Ask special questions using the model

Model

T.: Tom will have dressed by 7 o’clock. (who)

St.: Who will have dressed by 7 o’clock?

Use the statements from ex. 2.

1. By what time? 5. What? 9. By what time?

2. What? 6. What? 10. What?

3. Who? 7. Who? 11. Where?

4. Where? 8. Where? 12. Who?

Exercise 5.Ask disjunctive questions according to the model.

Model

T.: Tom will have got up before the alarm-clock rings.

St.: Tom will have got up before the alarm-clock rings, won’t he?

Use the statements from ex. 2.

Exercise 6.Answer the questions in the Future Perfect Tense, using the given suggestions. Follow the model.

Model

T.: Will you be asleep if I call on you at eight? (get up)

St.: Oh, no, I shall have got up by that time.

  1. Will your sister be having dinner if I call for her at 6? (have dinner)
  2. Will your brother be at home at nine o’clock on Sunday? (leave for the country)
  3. Will your mother be still cooking dinner at 4 in the afternoon? (finish cooking)
  4. Will the typist be still typing the papers on Monday morning? (do everything)
  5. Will Kevin still be a student next June? (graduate)
  6. Will you be doing the shopping when we get home? (return home)
  7. Will you still be watching TV at 11 o’clock tonight? (switch off)
  8. Will the Browns still be living in their old flat in January? (move to a new flat)
  9. Will the children be playing football when it gets dark? (come home)
  10. Will they still be eating dinner at 6 o’clock tomorrow? (have dinner)
  11. Will you help your Granny look for her glasses when you come home?
  12. Will Tom be repairing the bicycle when you call for him at 9? (repair)
  13. Will the students be taking their exams in the middle of June? (pass)

Exercise 7.Complete the sentences by translating the second part into English

  1. By the end of the week (они найдут весь необходимый материал).
  2. By the end of June (мы сдадим экзамены).
  3. By the time we return (они закроют магазин).
  4. By this time tomorrow (они пообедают).
  5. By the end of the week (они покрасят окна и двери).
  6. By 7 o’clock (отец прочитает газеты).
  7. By the end of the lesson (он напишет письмо).
  8. By the end of the conference (мы прослушаем все доклады).
  9. By the end of the lecture (докладчик ответит на все вопросы).
  10. By evening (он закончит свое сочинение).
  11. By summer (мы прочитаем все рассказы в этой книге).
  12. By the beginning of the school year (они купят все необходимые учебники).

Exercise 8.

Say that you will have done the same.

  1. Tom will have studied English for 7 years by the end of this year.
  2. Mary will have read the book for three months by Monday.
  3. John will have been abroad for 2 years by the end of July.
  4. Ann will have worked at this problem for 7 months by next week.
  5. Jane will have taught for 10 years by the end of August.
  6. Ted will have studied art for 2 years by the end of this week.
  7. He will have walked for 20 hours by 5 o’clock tomorrow.
  8. Ann and Tom will have been married for 20 years by the end of this year.
  9. Jack will have lived in the country for two months by the end of summer.
  10. The girl will have been ill for 5 years by next month.
  11. They will have studied at the university for three years by the end of June.
  12. They will have worked at the plant for several years by the end of this year.

Exercise 10.Ask special questions according to the model:

Model

T.: Tom will have studied English for 7 years by the end of this year. (what?)

St.: What will Tom have studied English for 7 years by the end of this year?

Use the sentences from ex. 9.

1. Who? 5. By what time? 9 Where?

2. What? 6. How long? 10. By what time?

3. Where? 7. Who? 11. How long?

4. How long? 8. How long? 12. Where?

Exercise 11.Answer the questions

  1. When will you have finished your studies at the University?
  2. What book are you reading now? Will you have finished reading this book by the end of the year?
  3. Will you have passed your exams by the end of December?
  4. By what time will you have done your homework today?
  5. You won’t have forgotten the Future Perfect Tense by next week, will you?
  6. How many English books will you have read by the end of May?
  7. What will you have done before your pal comes to see you?
  8. What will your mother have done by 7 in the evening?
  9. When will it have stopped raining?
  10. It will have rained for two hours by 3 o’clock, won’t it?
  11. Will you have cleaned the flat for an hour when your mother comes?
  12. Who will have arrived at the station by 7 o’clock?
  13. Will you have watched TV for 3 hours by 11 p.m.?
  14. Who will have given up smoking by next month?
  15. By what time will you have done the shopping tomorrow?
  16. Will you have bought a lot of interesting books by the end of the year?
  17. What will the students have done by the end of the lesson?
  18. How many languages will Jack have learnt by 2010?






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