Replace the italicized words and word-combinations with a synonym from the box in an appropriate form. — КиберПедия 

Организация стока поверхностных вод: Наибольшее количество влаги на земном шаре испаряется с поверхности морей и океанов (88‰)...

Опора деревянной одностоечной и способы укрепление угловых опор: Опоры ВЛ - конструкции, предназначен­ные для поддерживания проводов на необходимой высоте над землей, водой...

Replace the italicized words and word-combinations with a synonym from the box in an appropriate form.



Chapter 4

Phonetic exercises

1. a) Transcribe the next words from the chapter:

Hire; guide; hour; ridiculous; tributary; terrified; primeval; fabulous; column; church; theory; palm; entrance; push; tunnel; disappear; climb; absurd; binoculars

b) Read them aloud

Work on vocabulary

2. Find in the chapter the English for:

Нанимать; листок бумаги; перевернуть; нелепый; к нашему удивлению; вверх по реке; приток; быть в ужасе; первобытный лес; сказочные деревья; подобно церковным колоннам; военный барабан; научные теории; порог реки стремнина); прозрачный поток; у нас ушёл целый день.

3. Use one of the words or word-combinations from the box in an appropriate form to fill each gap:

  a church a few minutes late narrow at all to climb up   to flow to fly to hire a guide primeval to one's surprise   on foot to seem terrified unknown to cross   ridiculous shallow fabulous to be busy  

 

1. Here we _______a black _______ who fortunately spoke some English.

2. With this piece of paper Professor Challenger is telling us that this is all _________.

3. There, ______our great_________, was Professor Challenger!

4. 'I'm afraid I'm_________,' he said. 'Is everything ready for your journey?'

5. They _________to repeat the journey.

6. We got into our canoes and began to travel up the ________river in the middle of the ________forest.

7. ________tall trees stood over us. They were like the columns of ________.

8. Our two professors were not afraid__________.

9. They ______too _______arguing about scientific theories.

10. That's the entrance to an _______world.'

11. We pushed the canoes past the palm until we arrived at a_________, transparent stream.

12. It _________through a low tunnel of green plants.

13. We began our journey________.

14. It took us all day ________it.

15. The next day we ________a hill.

16. Suddenly, Professor Challenger saw a gigantic bird ________up slowly from the ground.

 

Replace the italicized words and word-combinations with a synonym from the box in an appropriate form.

to be interested terrified to flow a fraud to hire fabulous transparent to argue ridiculous to climb primeval a surprise a voyage to wait for to disappear fortunately

 

 

1. Here we employed for pay a black guide named Zambo, who luckily for us spoke some English.

2. 'With this piece of paper Professor Challenger is telling us that this is all laughable, and that he's a cheat,' he cried.

3. There, to our great astonishment, was Professor Challenger!

4. The next day we began our trip up the river in a boat called the Esmeralda.

5. They seemed frightened to repeat the journey.

6. We got into our canoes and began to travel up the narrow river in the middle of the forest of earlier ages.

7. Marvelous tall trees stood over us.

8. They were too engaged in the wonderful plants and animals around them, or they were too busy disputing about scientific theories.

9. We expected an attack, but nothing happened.

10. We pushed the canoes past the palm until we arrived at a shallow, clear stream.

11. It moved in a stream through a low tunnel of green plants.

12. The tropical forest vanished, and there were only palm trees.

13. The next day we rose up a hill.

5. Find the antonyms from the chapter to :

Shallow

Narrow

Short

Low

Dirty

Sad

First

Famous

Tiny

Small

At the beginning

 

 

6. Translate a) the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the word pick:

1. The old lady picked her way down the slippery lane. 2. The tourists carefully examined the curios offered for sale and picked out some delicate pieces of china. 3. Bernard was good at telling a story, picking his words carefully. 4. The child was taught it was bad manners to pick and choose.

b) the following word-combinations and pay attention to the way the word pickis used. Illustrate them in sentences of your own.

to pick one’s words; to pick way; to take one’s pick; to pick holes in smth.; to pick to pieces; to pick up; to pick at.

 



Fill in prepositions

 

We travelled ... the Atlantic ... the city of Para ... Brazil. Then we travelled ... boat .. the Amazon ... the town ... Manaos.

Finally, it was 15 July ... 12 o'clock, the day and hour when we could open the envelope.

We were all standing ... a table. Lord John picked ... the envelope and opened it. He pulled ... a piece ... paper. He put it ... the table, but there was nothing written ... it. He turned it... , but there was nothing there.

'... this piece ... paper Professor Challenger is telling us that this is all ridiculous, and that he's a fraud,' he cried.

Just then we heard someone say, 'Can I come ...?'

There, ... our great surprise, was Professor Challenger!

'I'm afraid I'm a few minutes late,' he said. 'Is everything ready ... your journey?'

The next day we began our journey ... the river ... a boat called the Esmeralda. ... the beginning the river was wide. It was like travelling ... a lake. ... the fourth day we turned ... a tributary. We got ... the boat here, and ... 2 August, Professor Challenger sent the Esmeralda ... ...Manaos.

Some Indians built two canoes ... us, and we took two more Indians ... us. They were ...Professor Challenger the first time. We got ... our canoes and began to travel ... the narrow river ... the middle ... the primeval forest. Fabulous tall trees stood ... us. They were like the columns ... a church. ... the third day we heard a strange noise.

They watch us every mile ... the way.

They were too interested ... the wonderful plants and animals ... them, or they were too busy arguing about scientific theories.

That night we slept ... the canoes ... the middle ... the river. We waited ...an attack, but nothing happened.

The next day we arrived ... some rapids ...a mile long. These were the rapids where Professor Challenger lost most ... his photos ... his earlier journey. We carried the canoes ...them. That night we were about ten miles ... the rapids.

The next day we continued our journey until Professor Challenger said, 'Look ... that palm tree there. That's the entrance ...an unknown world.'

We pushed the canoes past the palm until we arrived ...a shallow, transparent stream. It flowed ... a low tunnel ... green plants. The sound ... the drums slowly disappeared, and the wild animals became less afraid ... us.

... the third day we could no longer travel by canoe because the stream was not deep enough. We began our journey ... foot. We began walking higher ....

... we left the canoes we walked ... 120 miles. Finally we came ... an area where there were no more trees. Then we came ... a bamboo forest.

The next day we climbed ... a hill. Suddenly, Professor Challenger saw a gigantic bird fly ... slowly ... the ground.

Lord John then came ... to me.

They were ... seven miles from our camp.

 

Grammar: The Passive Voice

13.Translate into a) Russian:

1. Many books are published in Russia. 2. The machines are tested by the police.3. I am always driven to work by my neighbor. 4. The car is serviced at the garage down the road. 5. The car is polished once every three months. 6. Concrete is made of cement, sand and gravel. 7. A picnic is arranged once a month by our club. 8. These gates aren't painted every year. 9. I'm not invited to my uncle's every weekend. 10. The magazine is sold by newsagent. 11. The magazine is published once a week 12. The coast is washed by the Black Sea.



b) English:

1. Я приглашаю - Меня приглашают

2. Он присылает - Ему присылают

3. Она рассказывает - Ей рассказывают

4. Он вызывает - Его вызывают

5. Они сообщают - Им сообщают

6. Рабочий строит - Дом строится

7. Писатель пишет книгу - Книга публикуется

8. Школьник пишет упражнение - Упражнение выполняется

9. Студент помогает - Студенту помогают

10. Профессор читает лекцию - профессора спрашивают

11. Врач советует - Им советуют

14. Translate into English using can, may, must or their equivalents.

1. Я смогу вам об этом сказать только завтра. 2. Она не могла ходить в университет целую неделю. 3. Теперь она может говорит по-английски хорошо. 4. Умеет ли она играть на пианино? 5. Мы могли пойти туда, куда хотели. 6. Они не могли бежать очень быстро. 7. Вы сможете курить в этой комнате. 8. Мне не давали говорить по крайней мере 20 минут. 9. Ему разрешали уйти после урока, но он не хотел. 10. Я должен был встать в семь утра. 11. Она должна будет пойти со мной. 12. Тебе придётся говорить с ними по-немецки. 13. Мне нельзя здесь долго оставаться. 14. Должны ли мы это записать, 15. Возможно, сегодня будет дождь, хотя сейчас светит солнце.

Chapter 4

Phonetic exercises

1. a) Transcribe the next words from the chapter:

Hire; guide; hour; ridiculous; tributary; terrified; primeval; fabulous; column; church; theory; palm; entrance; push; tunnel; disappear; climb; absurd; binoculars

b) Read them aloud

Work on vocabulary

2. Find in the chapter the English for:

Нанимать; листок бумаги; перевернуть; нелепый; к нашему удивлению; вверх по реке; приток; быть в ужасе; первобытный лес; сказочные деревья; подобно церковным колоннам; военный барабан; научные теории; порог реки стремнина); прозрачный поток; у нас ушёл целый день.

3. Use one of the words or word-combinations from the box in an appropriate form to fill each gap:

  a church a few minutes late narrow at all to climb up   to flow to fly to hire a guide primeval to one's surprise   on foot to seem terrified unknown to cross   ridiculous shallow fabulous to be busy  

 

1. Here we _______a black _______ who fortunately spoke some English.

2. With this piece of paper Professor Challenger is telling us that this is all _________.

3. There, ______our great_________, was Professor Challenger!

4. 'I'm afraid I'm_________,' he said. 'Is everything ready for your journey?'

5. They _________to repeat the journey.

6. We got into our canoes and began to travel up the ________river in the middle of the ________forest.

7. ________tall trees stood over us. They were like the columns of ________.

8. Our two professors were not afraid__________.

9. They ______too _______arguing about scientific theories.

10. That's the entrance to an _______world.'

11. We pushed the canoes past the palm until we arrived at a_________, transparent stream.

12. It _________through a low tunnel of green plants.

13. We began our journey________.

14. It took us all day ________it.

15. The next day we ________a hill.

16. Suddenly, Professor Challenger saw a gigantic bird ________up slowly from the ground.

 

Replace the italicized words and word-combinations with a synonym from the box in an appropriate form.

to be interested terrified to flow a fraud to hire fabulous transparent to argue ridiculous to climb primeval a surprise a voyage to wait for to disappear fortunately

 

 

1. Here we employed for pay a black guide named Zambo, who luckily for us spoke some English.

2. 'With this piece of paper Professor Challenger is telling us that this is all laughable, and that he's a cheat,' he cried.

3. There, to our great astonishment, was Professor Challenger!

4. The next day we began our trip up the river in a boat called the Esmeralda.

5. They seemed frightened to repeat the journey.

6. We got into our canoes and began to travel up the narrow river in the middle of the forest of earlier ages.

7. Marvelous tall trees stood over us.

8. They were too engaged in the wonderful plants and animals around them, or they were too busy disputing about scientific theories.

9. We expected an attack, but nothing happened.

10. We pushed the canoes past the palm until we arrived at a shallow, clear stream.

11. It moved in a stream through a low tunnel of green plants.

12. The tropical forest vanished, and there were only palm trees.

13. The next day we rose up a hill.

5. Find the antonyms from the chapter to :

Shallow

Narrow

Short

Low

Dirty

Sad

First

Famous

Tiny

Small

At the beginning

 

 

6. Translate a) the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the word pick:

1. The old lady picked her way down the slippery lane. 2. The tourists carefully examined the curios offered for sale and picked out some delicate pieces of china. 3. Bernard was good at telling a story, picking his words carefully. 4. The child was taught it was bad manners to pick and choose.

b) the following word-combinations and pay attention to the way the word pickis used. Illustrate them in sentences of your own.

to pick one’s words; to pick way; to take one’s pick; to pick holes in smth.; to pick to pieces; to pick up; to pick at.

 






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Организация стока поверхностных вод: Наибольшее количество влаги на земном шаре испаряется с поверхности морей и океанов (88‰)...

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