Nominative with the Participle. ( Именительный падеж с причастием) — КиберПедия


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Nominative with the Participle. ( Именительный падеж с причастием)



Noun (существительное в общем падеже) или Pronoun (местоимение в именительном падеже) Verb ( глагол в Passive) to see to think to regard to consider   + Participle

 

1) The boys are seen playing football.- Видят, как мальчики играют в футбол.

2) The problem was thought solved. - Думали, что проблема решена.

The Absolute Participle Construction. (Независимый причастный оборот)

Noun (существительное в общем падеже) или Pronoun (местоимение в именительном падеже) + Participle

The weather being fine, we went for a walk. -Так как погода была прекрасной, мы отправились на прогулку.

GЭтот оборот переводится придаточным предложением, начинающимся словами « так как...», «если....», « когда.....» и другими.

The work done, they went home. - После того, как работа была сделана, они пошли домой.

It being very cold, we could not go skating. -Так как было очень холодно, мы не смогли пойти кататься на коньках.

 

PRACTICE

Test 1. Read and translate these word combinations. Read and translate the sentences below.

 

a burning house, falling leaves, boiling vegetables, smiling faces, singing people, shining eyes, a barking dog, the rising sun, a dying tree, the falling snow, a burnt house, fallen leaves, boiled vegetables, packed things, a broken cup, cut out pictures, a lost key

 

1) There is a lot of work waiting for me to do.

2) The cup broken by the boy was his mother’s.

3) The key lost in the darkness wasn’t mine.

4) There were birds flying high up in the sky, there was a white ship slowly disappearing in the open sea.

5) There is a cloud of smoke rising into the air.

6) Who is that man sitting by the window?

7) Which of the boys playing in the garden is your brother?

8) The things packed for the trip were all winter things.

9) The fruit dried in summer will be eaten in winter.

10) Pictures cut out from old magazines covered the walls.

11) Yesterday the professor told us about the experiments now being carried on in his laboratory.

12) The large house being built in our street is a new school.

13) This company is interested in the goods produced by our factories.

14) All books taken from the library must be returned next week.

15) Squeezed by the ice the steamer could not continue her way.

16) The woman sitting in the armchair is the editor’s wife.

17) The police are looking for a stolen car.

18) The articles written by this political observer are read with great interest.

19) Being busy, Jack refused an invitation.

20) Having asked the secretary to bring the newspaper, Mr Jones returned to his office.

Test 2. Use the right form.

1) Читая английские книги, я всегда пользуюсь словарем.

a) reading b) having read c) being read

2) Прочитав книгу, он отнес ее в библиотеку.

a) reading b) having read c) having been read

3) Книга, прочитанная мною вчера, очень интересна.

a) reading b) read c) having been read

4) Письмо, полученное вчера

a) having received b) received c) receiving

5) Получая письмо

a) having received b) received c) receiving

6) Получив письмо

a) having received b) received c) receiving

7) Мальчик, получающий письмо

a) having received b) received c) receiving

8) Просматривая журналы

a) looking through b) having looked through c) looked through

9) Просмотрев журналы

a) looking through b) having looked through c) looked through

10) Журнал, просмотренный вчера

a) looking through b) having looked through c) looked through

11) Человек, просматривающий журнал

a) looking through b) having looked through c) looked through

Test 3. From each pair of sentences make one sentence using an -ing clause.

Example: She was sitting in an armchair. She was reading a book. - She was sitting in an armchair reading a book.

1) Jill was lying on the bed. She was crying.

2) I got home. I was feeling tired.

3) The old man was walking along the street. He was talking to himself.

4) Jim hurt his arm. He was playing tennis.

5) Ann fell asleep. She was watching TV.

6) The man slipped. He was getting off the bus.

7) The girl cut herself. She was cooking.

8) Jim was playing tennis. He hurt his arm.

9) I was watching television. I fell asleep.

10) The man slipped. He was getting off a bus.

11) I was walking home in the rain. I got wet.

12) Mag was driving to work yesterday. She had an accident.

13) Two firemen were overcome by smoke. They were trying to put out the fire.






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