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E.g. This is a book. The book is interesting.

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E.g. This is a book. The book is interesting.

исчисляемое в единственном числе

This is meat. The meat is fresh.

неисчисляемое

These are books. The books are good.

множественное число


Упр. 3. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. This is... pen.... pen is red. 2. These are pencils.... pencils are black. 3. This is... soup.... soup is tasty. 4. In the morning I eat... sandwich and drink... tea. 5. She gave me... coffee and... cake.... coffee was hot.... cake was tasty. 6. Do you like... ice-cream? 7. I see... book in your... hand. Is... book interesting? 8. She bought... meat,... butter and... potatoes yesterday. She also bought... cake.... cake was very... tasty. We ate... cake with... tea. 9. This is my... table. On... table I have... book, two... pencils,... pen and... paper. 10. This is... bag.... bag is brown. It is my sis­ter's... bag. And this is my... bag. It is... yellow.

Запомните следующие словосочетания, в кото­рых артикль не употребляется:

At school

At home

At work


Упр. 4. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. I have two... sisters. My... sisters are... students. 2. We are at... home. 3. My... brother is not at... home, he is at... school. 4. My... mother is at... work. She is... doctor. 5. I am not... doctor. 6. I have no'... sister. 7. He is not... pilot. 8. I have thirty-two... teeth. 9. He has... child. 10. She has two... children. Her children are at... school. 11. Is your father at... home? — No, he is at... work. 12. Where is your... broth­er? — He is at... home.

Если перед существительным употребляется прилагательное, оно стоит между артиклем и су­ществительным.

E.g. This is a book. This is a good book.


Упр 5. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. We have... large... family. 2. My granny often tells us... long... interesting.. stories. 3. My... father is... engineer. He works at... factory.... factory is large. 4. My... mother is... doctor. She works at... large... hospital. She is at... work now. 5. My... aunt is... teacher. She works at... school.... school is good. My... aunt is not at... school now. She is at... home. She is drinking... tea and eating... jam.... jam is sweet. I am at... home, too. I am drinking... tea and eating... sandwich.... sandwich is tasty. 6. My sister is at... school. She is... pupil. 7. My cousin has... big... black... cat. My cousin's... cat has two... kittens.


Упр. 6. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. I am... engineer. 2. My... son is... pupil. 3. He is... good... pupil. 4. This is... house. 5. This is my... pencil. 6. You have some... pen­cils, but I have no... pencil. Give me... pencil, please. 7. I like your... beautiful... flower. Give me... flower, please. 8. My... mother is at... home. She is reading... interesting... book. 9. My... father is not at... home. He is at... work. He is... doctor. He is... good... doctor. He works at... hospital.... hospital is large.

Часто, даже упоминая предмет впервые, мы, тем не менее, употребляем перед ним определенный артикль:

а) если упоминаемый предмет является един­ственным в мире

E.g. The sun is shining brightly.

в) если этот предмет является определенным по ситуации

In front


Упр. 10. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Where is... soup? —... soup is in... big saucepan on... gas-cooker. 2. Where are... cut­lets? —... cutlets are in... refrigerator on... lit­tle plate. 3. There is no... bread on... table. Where is... bread? 4. There is... little brown coffee-table in our... room in... front of... sofa. 5. Where is... table in your... room? 6. There is... thick carpet on... floor in my mother's... room. 7. Is your brother at... home? — No, he is at... work. He works at... big factory. He is... engineer. 8. My sister has many... books.... books are in... big bookcase. 9.... weather is fine today. Let's go and play in... yard. There are many... children in... yard. They are playing with... ball.

Запомните следующие конструкции, требующие неопределенного артикля:

I have a...

This is a...

I am а...

Не has а...

That is а...

Не is а...

I see а...

It is а...

She is а...

There is а...


Упр. 11. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1, We have... big dog.... dog is very clever. 2. My friend has... very good computer. 3. This... boy is big. He is... student. 4. There is... very big piano in... hall. 5. This is... tree and that is not... tree. It's... bush. 6. I am... boy. I am... pupil. I learn at... school. 7. My sister is at... work. She is... secretary. She works at... large office. 8. This is... very difficult question. I don't know... answer to it. 9. Do you see... little girl with... big ball in her... hands? She is... pupil of our... school. 10. There was... beautiful flower in this... vase yesterday. Where is... flower now?

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

In the middle

In the corner

To the right

To the left


Упр. 12. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

There is... thick red... carpet in my... room.... carpet is on... floor in... front of... sofa. 2. Where is... table in your brother's... room? — His... table is near... window. 3. I can see... fine... vase on... shelf. Is it your... vase? 4. We have no... piano in our... living-room. 5. My... uncle is... married. He has... beautiful wife. They have... son, but they have no... daughter. 6. I can see... nice... coffee-table in... middle of... room to... right of... door. It is... black and... red. I like... coffee-table. 7. Our... TV-set is on... little... table in... corner of... room. 8. There is... beauti­ful picture in my father's... study,... picture is on... wall to... left of... window.


Упр. 13. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

My aunt's flat is in... new house. There is... living-room,... bedroom,... study,... bathroom and... kitchen in... flat.... bedroom is... large room with... two windows.... room is light as... windows are large. There are... white curtains on... windows. There are... two beds with... large pillows on them. There are... small tables near... beds. There are... lamps on them. To... left of... door there is... dressing-table with... looking-glass on it. There is... low chair at... dressing-table. There are... several pictures on... pale green walls. There is... thick carpet on... floor.... car­pet is dark green.... room is very cosy.

Если после конструкции there is (there are) сто­ит неисчисляемое существительное или суще­ствительное во множественном числе, вместо опущенного неопределенного артикля часто (не обязательно) употребляется слово "some."


Упр. 14. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

There is... sofa in... corner of... room. 2. There are... cushions on... sofa, 3. There are... books on... shelf. Give me... book, please. 4. Look into... refrigerator. What can you see on... shelves? — There is... butter in... butter-dish. There is... sausage, but there is no... cheese. There are... eggs and... apples. There is... orange,... lemon, and... jam in... little vase. 5. There is... juice in this... cup. May I drink... juice? 6. There are... girls in... yard, but I can see no... boys. Where are... boys? — Oh, all... boys are playing football at... stadium.


Упр. 15. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

I have... colour TV-set.... TV-set is on... little table in... corner of... room. 2. There is... book,... pen, and... paper on my... writing-desk. 3. My... brother is... teacher. He works at... school. He has... very good books. His... books are in... big bookcase. 4. There is... tea in my... glass. There is no... tea in my... friend's... glass. His... glass is empty. 5. Where is... coffee-table in your... room? —... coffee-table is in... front of... sofa. There is... cup on... coffee-table and... newspa­pers. There is... coffee in... cup.

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

In the morning

In the afternoon

In the evening

At night

А также:

To go to bed

To go to work

To go to school


Упр. 16. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. My... friend has to get up early in... morn­ing because he goes to... school. That's why he usually goes to... bed early in... evening. 2.... weather was very bad in... morning yesterday.... sky was grey and it was raining. But in... middle of... day... weather began to change.... rain stopped and... sun appeared from behind... clouds. In... afternoon it was very warm. I did not want to stay at... home and went into... yard. There were... boys and... girls in... yard. We played in... yard till late in... evening. When I came... home, I drank... tea, ate... sandwich and went to... bed at once. I slept very well at... night.

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

To go home

To come home

At half past five

At a quarter past five


Упр. 17. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. My brother is... pupil. He goes to... school.He goes to... school in... morning. He has five or six... lessons every day. In... afternoon he goes... home. At... home he does his... homework. In... evening he reads... books. He usually goes to... bed at... half past ten. At... night he sleeps. 2. My father goes to... work in... morning and comes... home in... evening. 3. I get up at... half past seven in... morning and go to... bed at... quarter to eleven in... evening. 4. When does your mother leave... home for... work? — She leaves... home for... work at... quarter past eight. 5. When do you leave... home for... school? — I leave... home for... school at... half past... eight.

Перед названиями месяцев и дней недели ар­тикль не употребляется.

School begins in September.

We rest on Sunday.

Перед порядковыми числительными обычно употребляется определенный артикль.

Today is the tenth of May.


Упр. 18. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. There are three rooms and... kitchen in our new flat. 2. My new dress is made of... silk. 3. If you want to write something on... blackboard, you must have... piece of... chalk. 4. Are there any pupils in... classroom? 3. I have... new English book.... book is very interesting. 6. There is... garden in... front of our school.... garden is not large, but it is very nice. 7.... May is... fifth month of the year. 8.... Saturday is... sixth day of the week. 9.... Sunday is... day off.

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

after work

from work

after school

from school


Упр. 19. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо
.

1. My friends live in... small town. It is... new town.... streets in... town are broad and straight. There are... beautiful buildings in them.... town is very green, and so... air is fresh. There are... beautiful parks and gardens in... town.... people like to go there after... work. In... evening you can hear... sounds of... music from... parks. There are... schools,... libraries,... hospital,... theatre,... cinemas,... polyclinics and... kindergartens in... town. 2. This is... classroom.... classroom is large and light. 3. There is... picture on... wall. 4. What is... date today? It is... seventh of... December. 5.... third lesson today is... lesson of English. 6. Pete, go to... blackboard. 7. After school I usually go... home. 8. My father always comes from... work late: at eight o'clock or at... half past eight. But on... Friday he comes... home early: at half past four or at... quarter to five. On... Satur­day and on... Sunday he does not go to... work.

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

To watch TV


Упр. 24. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. My... aunt and my... uncle are... doctors. They work at... hospital. They get up at seven o'clock in... morning. They go to... bed at eleven o'clock. 2. I work in... morning and in... after­noon. I don't work in... evening. I sleep at... night. 3. When do you leave... home for... school? - I leave... home at... quarter past eight in... morning. 4. What does your mother do after... breakfast? — She goes to... work. 5. Is there... sofa in your... living-room? — Yes, there is... cosy little... sofa in... living-room. — Where is... sofa? — It is in... corner of... room to... left of... door. I like to sit on this... sofa in... front of... TV-set in... evening. 6. There is... nice coffee-table near... window. There are... newspapers on... coffee-table. 7. There is... tea in... glass. 8. When do you watch... TV? — I watch TV in... evening. We have... large colour TV-set in our... room. There is... beautiful vase on... TV-set. There are... flowers in... vase. 9. I have... large writ­ing-desk in... study. There is... paper on... writ­ing-desk. My... books and... exercise-books are on... writing-desk, too.


Упр. 25. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Pete has... small family. He has... father and... mother. He has no... brother, but he has... sister. His sister is... pupil. She is... good girl. She has... many Russian books, but she has no... English books. 2. There is... writing-desk in... room.... writing-desk is good. There is... lamp on... writing desk. 3. My uncle has... large family. They are six in... family. 4. My father is... engi­neer. He works at... big factory. 5. We have... good library. Our books are in... big bookcase. 6. Is your sister... married? 7. What do you do after... breakfast? — I go to... school. 8. When do you come... home? — I come... home at... half past two. 9. Do you like to watch TV in... evening?

To play chess

To play football

Out of doors

To play the piano

To play the guitar


Упр. 31. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо

1. Do you play... piano? 2. There is... big black piano in our living-room. It is at... wall to... left of... door opposite... sideboard. My mother likes to play... piano. She often plays... piano in... evening. 3.... boys like to play... football. 4. What do you do in... evening? — I often play... chess with my grandfather. 5. Where are... children? — Oh, they are out of... doors.... weather is fine today. They are playing... badminton in... yard. 6. What... games does your sister like to play? — She likes to play... tennis. 7. Do you like to play... guitar? 8. What... colour is your guitar?

In a loud voice

In a low voice

In an angry voice

In a thin voice

In а voice

Упр. 33. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

It was... hot day.... sun was shining brightly in...blue sky.... wolf and... lamb met at... stream.... water in... stream was cool and clear.... wolf saw that... lamb was fat and wanted to eat it. He began to shout: "You,... fool, you are making... water dirty!"... lamb was afraid. It looked at... wolf and said in... thin voice: "But,... Mr. Wolf, I cannot make... water dirty for you from... place where I am standing, because... stream runs from you to me." "Stop talking!" shouted... wolf in... angry voice. "I know you! I met you six months ago, and you were very rude to me." "You are wrong,... Mr. Wolf," cried... lamb, "you could not meet me six months ago: I am only four... months old." "Never mind," said... wolf, “if it wasn't you, it was your brother." And with these... words he seized... poor lamb and carried it into... wood.

Запомните, что перед превосходной степенью прилагательных употребляется определенный артикль.

E.g. Asia is the largest continent.

My brother is the best pupil in his class.


Упр. 34. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Bill Robins was... very rich man. He was... richest man in... village. 2. Pete is... tallest boy in our class. Nick is... shortest boy, but he is very... strong. He is... stronger than many boys who are... taller than he. I think Nick is... strongest boy in... class. 3. Granny often tells us... long stories. Today her story was still... longer. It was... longest story. She began telling it after... dinner and finished only before... supper. But... story was very interesting. I think it was... most interesting of Granny's sto­ries. 4. Which was... most difficult exercise in... test-paper? 5. Which is... best season of the year? 6. February is... shortest month of the year. 7. Do you know... longest river in our country? 8. In... May... days are... longer than in... April.

Запомните правила употребления артикля с гео­графическими названиями.

Определенный артикль употребляется перед на­званиями рек, каналов, морей, заливов, проли­вов, океанов, архипелагов, горных цепей.

Артикль не употребляется перед названиями озер, гор, островов, континентов, городов, стран.

Исключения:

The Netherlands

The Ukraine

The Crimea

The Congo.

In the north

In the south

In the east

In the west

To the north

To the south

To the east

To the west


Упр. 36. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.... Neva flows into... Gulf of... Finland. 2.... Pacific Ocean is very deep. 3.... Urals are not very high. 4.... Kazbek is... highest peak of... Cauca­sus. 5.... Alps are covered with... snow. 6.... Shet­land Islands are situated to... north of... Great Britain. 7.... USA is... largest country in... Amer­ica. 8.... Crimea is washed by... Black Sea. 9.... Lake Baikal is... deepest lake in... world. 10.... Paris is... capital of... France. 11. Lomonosov was born in... small village on... shore of... White Sea. 12. Gogol was born in... Ukraine in 1809. 13.... Caucasus separates... Black Sea from... Caspian Sea. 14.... Europe and... America are sep­arated by... Atlantic Ocean. 15.... Baltic Sea is stormy in winter. 16. There are many small islands in... Pacific Ocean. 17.... North Sea separates... British Isles from... Europe. 18.... Balkans are old mountains. 19.... Nile flows across... north-east­ern part of... Africa to... Mediterranean Sea. 20. Which are....highest mountains in... Russia?


Упр. 37. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... Thames is... short river. 2.... Russia is washed by... Arctic Ocean in... north. 3. Kiev is to... south of... Moscow. 4.... Europe is... conti­nent. 5.... Moscow is... capital of... Russia. 6. Is... Asia... island or... continent? 7.... Black Sea is in... south of our country. 8.... White Sea is in... north of our country. 9. This is... map of... world. What can you see on... map? What... col­our are... valleys on... map? 10. Petrov is... architect. He is... experienced architect. He is in... Far East. He has... wife. His wife is... typist. They have... son and... daughter. 11.... Philip­pines are situated to... south-east of... Asia.

To have a good time

From morning till S night

All day long

A lot of


Упр. 40. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо
.

1. Did you have... good time in the country? — Oh yes.... weather was fine. We were out of... doors from... morning till... night. We played... football,... volley-ball and... other games. We came... home late at... night and went to... bed at once. 2. Look at... clock! It is... quarter past ten. Go to... bed at once. 3.... sun rises in... east and sets in... west. 4. We spent last summer in... Ukraine, in... little village on... bank of... big river with... very warm water. There was... wood on... other side of... river. We often went to... wood and gathered... lot of... mushrooms. 5. My friend likes to play... chess. He is ready to play... chess all... day long. He is... best chess player in our school.

Перед названиями университетов артикль не употребляется.

To the cinema

To the theatre

To the shop

To the market

At the cinema

At the theatre

At the shop

At the market

To go for a walk


Упр. 43. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Let's go to... shop. I must buy... bread and... milk. 2. I was at... cinema yesterday. — What... film did you see? — Oh, I saw... very good film. I think it is... best film of... year. 3. Do you often go to... theatre? — No, I don't. I like to go to... theatre, but I am very busy. I work from... morn­ing till... night. I even have no... time to play... piano. 4. Oleg has... lot of... interesting books at... home. 5.... lot of... tourists from... different countries come to... St. Petersburg. They want to see one of... most beautiful cities in... world. 6. My new friend said to me: "I am... student of... first course." 7. We went to... cinema in... evening. 8. What... foreign languages does your father speak? — He speaks__English. He studied... Eng­lish at... school. 9. I am interested in... history.

10. We played... tennis at... lesson of... physical training yesterday. We had... good time. 11. Did you go for... walk yesterday? — No, we didn't.... weather was bad, and we went to... cinema. 12. What are your friends doing? — Mary is play­ing... piano. Tom and Nick are playing... chess.


Упр. 44. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Once there lived... king. His name was Midas. He had... little daughter. They lived in... beauti­ful palace with... wonderful garden around it. Now... king was very fond of... gold. He loved... gold more than anything else in... world. One day, when... king was looking at his gold,... young man appeared before him. "You are... very rich man, Midas," said... young man. "Yes," said... king, "but I would like to be richer. I would like to have... golden touch. I want everything that I touch to turn into... gold."... young man was... magician, and he gave... king... golden touch which he want­ed to have.... king was very happy. He touched... table, and... table became gold. He went into... garden. There were... beautiful roses in... gar­den. He touched... roses, and they also became gold.... king's daughter, who loved... roses very much, saw it and began to cry. "Don't cry,... dear daughter," said... king and touched his daugh­ter's head.... next moment... girl turned into... beautiful gold statue.


Упр. 45. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Three men came to... New York for... holiday. They came to... very large hotel and took... room there. Their room was on... forty-fifth floor. In... evening... friends went to... theatre and came back to... hotel very late. "I am very sorry," said... clerk of... hotel, "but... lifts do not work to­night. If you don't want to walk up to your room, we shall make... beds for you in... hall." "No, no," said one of... friends, "no, thank you. We don't want to sleep in... hall. We shall walk up to our room." Then he turned to his friends and said: "It is not easy to walk up to... forty-fifth floor, but we shall make it easier. On... way to... room I shall tell you some jokes; then you, Andy, will sing us some songs; then you, Peter, will tell us some interesting stories." So they began walking up to their room. Tom told them many jokes; Andy sang some songs. At last they came to... thirty sixth floor. They were tired and decided to have... rest. "Well," said Tom, "now it is your turn, Pe­ter. After all... jokes, I would like to hear... sad story. Tell us... long and interesting story with... sad end." "... story which I am going to tell you," said Peter, "is sad enough. We left... key to our room in... hall."

Запомните следующие конструкции:

On horseback

On board a ship


Упр. 46. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Swift,... famous English writer, was travelling one day on... horseback with his servant.... weath­er was bad, it was raining, and... roads were mud­dy. In... evening the two1 men came to... inn. Before going to... bed Swift told his servant to clean his boots. But... servant was lazy and did not do it. In... morning Swift asked... servant why he had not cleaned... boots. "What's... use cleaning... boots now?" said... servant. "... roads are muddy, and... boots will soon be dirty again." "All right," said... writer. "Let's go. We must continue... journey." "But I haven't had... break­fast," said... displeased servant." "Well, what's... use giving you... breakfast now?" said Swift: “You will soon be hungry again."

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочета­ния:

In fact

The same

Запомните употребление артикля в восклицатель­ных предложениях, начинающихся со слова "what":

What a good boy! What a long story! What a day!

1 Обратите внимание на употребление определенного артик­ля перед количественным числительным. В этом случае опре­деленный артикль имеет значение "эти": "Эти двое мужчин;" "Эти дна человека".

It's high time

To take care of

To take aim

such a...


Упр. 48. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... crow once said to her children: "It's... high time for you to look for... food." With these words she turned them out of... nest and took them to... field. But... crow's children did not like... idea. "We'd rather go back to... nest," they cried. "It's so nice when you bring... food to us!" "Indeed!" said their mother. "You are big enough to feed yourselves. My mother turned me out of... nest when I was much younger, and I had to take... care of myself." "But... people will kill us with their guns," said... young crows. "No... fear of that," answered their mother. "Before... people shoot, they take... aim, and that takes... time. When you see... man raising... gun to his face, you must just fly away."."That's... sim­ple thing to do," said... children, "but supposing... man or... boy wants to throw... stone at us: in such... case he won't have to take... aim." "Well, then he will have to bend down to pick up... stone," said... crow. "But what if he carries... stone in his hand ready?" "Why, if you are clever enough to think of that," said... mother, "you are clever enough to take... care of yourselves." And she flew away leaving... young crows in... field.


Упр. 49. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Is this... interesting book? Is this... very interesting book? Is this... very interesting book you have spoken about so much? It is such... in­teresting book. Is it... same book you have recom­mended to us? 2. She is... teacher. She is... good teacher. She is... teacher of our school. She is... teacher of... English. Here is... teacher, ask her about... question which interests you. 3. There is... word in... text which I cannot understand. There is... very difficult word, too, which I cannot pro nounce. Here is... word I was looking up in the dictionary. This word is... adverb. 4.... first men wore vegetarians. 5. Serfdom was abolished in... Russia in... 19th century. 6. Columbus, who dis­covered... America, was... native of... Genoa, 7.... Rome is... ancient town. 8.... Ireland,.., Scotland and... Wales are parts of... United King­dom.


Упр. 50. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... Russia is such... large country that when it is night in one part of... country, it is day in another part, when it is winter in one part of... country, it is already summer in another. Imagine it is... beginning of... May now. It is spring in... St. Petersburg.... weather is fine. It is still cool at... night, but it is quite warm in... afternoon. It sometimes rains, but... rain is warm, too.... ground is covered with... soft green grass, and... trees are covered with... green leaves. But while it is spring in St. Petersburg, it is still winter in... north of our country at... beginning of... May. Here it is cold and sometimes frosty,... rivers and... seas are covered with... ice.... ice does not melt in some places even in summer.... ground is covered with... deep snow. In... south of our coun­try... weather is quite different. It is already sum­mer in... Caucasus and in... Crimea. It is much warmer than in St. Petersburg. It is sometimes even hot.... sky is usually cloudless and it seldom rains here. People wear... summer clothes.

 

Источник: Б.Голицинский "Грамматика английского языка. Сборник упражнений"

 

 

E.g. This is a book. The book is interesting.

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