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Problems in developing countries

2017-08-11 716
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Developing countries face a range if problems

Standards of healthcare and education are low

Life expectancy is usually lower than in developed countries

There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing

Many people are forced to live in poverty

Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short supply

 

How to help developing countries

The best form of help for developing countries is development aid

Richer nations can help by investing in long-term projects

Governments and charities can help by building new houses and schools

Globalization may also help developing countries

Multi-national companies can creating jobs in developing countries

On the other hand, many people emigrate to find work in richer countries

They often sand money back home to their families

This money helps to improve the standard of living in developing countries

 

Immigration

Some people move to another countries in search of a better life

Many immigrants come from less developed countries

Richer, industrialized countries may offer opportunities for employment

Free healthcare and schooling are available in some developed countries

Other people migrate to a foreign country to improve their academic qualifications

 

Positives of immigration and Multi-cultural societies

From an economic perspective, immigration can be extremely positive

Many immigrants have skills that are needed in the country they move to

Immigrants who find work contribute to the economy of their new country

Many immigrants send money home to help family members

Immigration also creates cultural diversity

People of many different nationalities learn to live together

This can help people to become more open-minded and tolerant

 

Negatives of Immigration

Some people believe that immigrants take jobs that should go to local people

Some immigrant workers work longer hours for less money

Companies might pay lower salaries to immigrant workers

Unemployment rates could rise if there are too many immigrants

 

Opinions about Immigration

Immigration can help the economy of a country

It can create multi-cultural societies

However, immigration needs to be controlled

In many countries, immigrants need visas or work permit

Governments should stop companies from exploiting immigrant workers

Foreign and local workers should have the right to equal pay and conditions

 

Positives of Globalization

Business of becoming increasingly international

Multi-national companies do business across the world

Companies like MacDonald’s can be seen on high streets in most cities

Goods are produced in one country and sold in many others

A global economy means free trade between countries

This can strengthen political relationships

Globalization can also create opportunities for employment

It encourages investment in less developed countries

It could reduce poverty in the developing world

 

Negatives of Globalization

Globalization is not always beneficial to everyone

Companies can move to countries where labour is cheap

This creates redundancies, or job losses

Employees cannot be confident that they have stable jobs

Companies sometimes exploit their employees in developing countries

Global trade creates more waste and pollution

 

The future of Globalization

There should be global regulations for salaries and working conditions

Governments should impose laws to protect the environment

 

ESSAYS

1) There are three imperative Issues facing our global community; Economy, Environment, Food and clean drinking water. Economy is a vital part of life in our world, if the global community is deficient, every country in the world will be affected. Our planets environment is also a key point of interests in our global population, food production, global warming and environmental disaster's. Food and sanitary drinking water are essential needs in our world, without it many people will be malnutrition and die. In the next three paragraphs's there will be a vast amount of discussion on the three topics at hand..
Economy on our planet is a key element to the survival of billions of people. The word itself comes from the Greek "oikonomia," meaning management of a household. In that context, economy would include not only financial exchanges, but also a range of social and environmental transactions people undertake to make a living. These external transactions may include industrial output and energy consumption, as well as the unpaid work of women and children hauling water or fuel-wood, the burning of rainforest to clear land on which to grow food for one's family, drug-trafficking and other crime, traditional barter, and cooperative labor exchange. With these positions in our global community, it is affected both for the better and poorer. As a complete whole, our global community is affected by the choices made by others, others who we may not know or ever see. Choices made in other countries can and will affect the countries you reside in. Overall economy in our world is as essential as any other topic at hand..
Our environment not only affects our pollution and green house problems, but also plays a complete role in the food chain. Human impacts on the natural world are both more apparent and more widespread than ever before in history. It is increasingly more difficult to clean up existing environmental disasters and halt further degradation of important natural resources.

2)

ESSAY QUESTION

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today.
What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

You should write at least 250 words.

ESSAY OUTLINE

Paragraph 1 – Introduction

Paragraph 2 – Causes of global warming

Paragraph 3 – Solutions that governments can take

Paragraph 4 – Solution that individuals can take

Paragraph 5 – Conclusion

IELTS MODEL ESSAY


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