Relate related relationship relating (to) — КиберПедия


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Relate related relationship relating (to)



1. The ... between rock pressure and temperature is interdepen­
dent.

2. The role of water in metamorphism can be characterized at
least by four variable geologically ... parameters.

3. These parameters ... to each other.

4. At the Institute the students study the full range of subjects ...
to mining, geology as well as mining mechanics.

30. а) Переведите следующие сочетания слов и предложения, обращая
внимание на перевод прилагательных в сравнительной степени:

to observe the higher temperature at day time and the lower temperature at night

to become wider and deeper

 


130_________________________ •______________ Unit 5

to cause more complex and varied changes

to penetrate deeper

to become more and more destroyed

to decompose at a slower rate

There are deeper and wider cracks.

The action of plants is even more destructive.

6) Переведете сочетаем слов с врвлагателшшв в варешмв в сравветелыюй стевевв, обравша вввмавве ва случав усвяеввл сраввеввв:

to be more than 0.5 mm

to intrude into older pre-existing rocks

to have even finer grains

less than 0.5 mm

to form smaller rock masses

to be much longer

to cool much more rapidly

to cool more slowly

to crystallize to a larger-grain size

coarse-grained intrusive rocks

31. а) Подберете вз сввсков А в Б блвзкве во звачеввю слова:

А. 1. band Б. a) allow (let)

2. cleave 6) size

3. constituent в) fissure

4. foliated г) take place

5. be like д) speed

6. permit e) layer

7. crack ж) split

8. occur з) component

9. rate и) flaky

10. dimension к) be similar to

б) Подберете вз сввсков А в Б протввоволожвые во эвачеввю слова.

А. 1. deep Б. a) cleavage

2. cool б) shallow

3. slowly в) low-grade

4. vast r) non-foliated

5. extrusive д) rapidly

6. like e) unlike

7. high-grade ж) intrusive

8. common з) deficiency

9. excess и) small

10. foliated к) heat

л) uncommon


Unit 5_____________________________________________ 131

32. а) Прочитайте следующие сочетания слов с причастием прошедшего
времени в функции правого определения и переведите их.

Образец: The equipment usedis ...— используемое оборудование является ...

1. New sources of fuel describedincluded ....

2. Modern colliery visitedused ....

3. Economic achievements written about are ... .

4. Average coal output of the quarry designedwill reach ....

6) Прочитайте следующие предложения. Найдите в каждом из них группу «подлежащее-сказуемое». Определите функции слов с суффиксом -ed:

l.The prospecting party provided with new equipment planned to begin its work in spring.

2. The prospecting party provided new data on useful minerals
discovered in the region.

З.Тпе prospecting party is provided with new equipment. 4. The rocks described represented the oldest portion of the Earth's crust.

33. Заполните пропуски в предложениях, употребив данный в скобках
глагол в соответствующем времени н залоге:

1. Scientists and engineers ... computers in their work. Computers ... in different fields of science and engineering, (to apply)

1. Materials for sedimentary rocks ... fragments of pre-existing rocks. Conglomerate, sandstone and shale ... into the group of sedi­mentary rocks, (to include)

3. Geophysicists ... the changes which take place deep in the
Earth. Many of these changes develop at such a slow rate that they ...
only with the help of modern instruments and computers, (to
observe)

4. Water greatly ... the decomposition of rocks. It is quite obvious
that weathering ... by the action of water, (to facilitate)

34. Определите, какие функции в предложении выполняют совпадающие
по форме выделенные слова. Переведите предложения:



1. The term "prospecting" includes the whole range of geologi­cal work directed to discovering deposits of valuable minerals. The Moscow Mining Academy directed the activities of the Academy's research institutions.


Ш______________________________________________ Unit 5

2. Limestones occupied vast areas of the Earth's surface. It is
quite obvious that the regions occupied by limestones have been
covered by seas.

3. Modern deposits of Kamchatka volcanoes investigated by
Russian geologists show that volcanism is active there. The Institute
of Volcanology of the Siberian Department of the Academy of
Sciences investigated friable (рыхлый) volcanic deposits of
Kamchatka.

4. The clayey mass obtained by the decomposition of orthoclase
is white and is called kaolin. Chemists obtained phosphorus from
phosphorite.

35. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на перевод причастия
прошедшего времени.

Образец 1: The mining method useddepends on many factors. -» Используемый метод разработ­ки зависит от многих факторов.

1. The problems discussed are connected with the investigations
of the Earth's crust depths.

2. Metamorphic rocks described represent the oldest part of the
Earth's crust.

3. The process of metamorphism mentioned above creates such
minerals as tremolite, sillimanite and others which are uncommon
in sedimentary and igneous rocks.

4. In all the mines visited automated computerised control sys­
tems were used.

5. A new system of planning employed gives an opportunity of
supplying correct information quickly which is essential for man­
agement control of modern mines.

Образец 2: When burnt,coal produced heat. -> При сжигании уголь выделяет тепло.

1. If disturbed, rocks cleave easily into separate plates.

2. When needed the additional experiments are carried out.

3. When subjected to pressure, heat and chemically active fluids,
various rpcks in the Earth's crust are transformed into metamor-
phic rocks.

 

36. Найдите в тексте Б и выпишите причастия прошедшего времени в
функции правого определения.

37. Переведите предложения, используя сочетания слов:






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