Remember: A man is so many times a man as the number of foreign languages he knows. — КиберПедия

Опора деревянной одностоечной и способы укрепление угловых опор: Опоры ВЛ - конструкции, предназначен­ные для поддерживания проводов на необходимой высоте над землей, водой...

Механическое удерживание земляных масс: Механическое удерживание земляных масс на склоне обеспечивают контрфорсными сооружениями различных конструкций...

Remember: A man is so many times a man as the number of foreign languages he knows.

It may be useful. – Это может быть полезно.

Who speaks what where?

Country Nationality Language
Argentina Argentinian Spanish
Brazil Brazilian Portuguese
Britain British English
China Chinese Mandarin (also Cantonese)
Egypt Egyptian Arabic
France French French
Germany German German
Greece Greek Greek
Israel Israeli Hebrew
Italy Italian Italian
Japan Japanese Japanese
Korea Korean Korean
Mexico Mexican Spanish
Poland Polish Polish
Russia Russian Russian
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Arabic
Spain Spanish Spanish
Switzerland Swiss Swiss-German, French, Italian
The United States (USA) American English
Turkey Turkish Turkish


Practice in communication


Read and try to remember:


1. (That's) a good idea!

2. Wonderful! (Excellent, splendid).

3. Very wise (sensible) of you.

4. Well done!

5. Good for you!

6. I'm all for it!

7. That's it!



1. That's not a (very) good idea.

2. That's silly.

3. I'm all against it.

4. I wouldn't say I like it.

5. Rubbish!

Express your approval or disapproval of the following statement made to you by a close friend.

1. I'm going on a diet.

2. I'm going to learn Japanese.

3. We're going to get engaged.

4. I'm going to telephone the police.

5. I've bought a new car.

6. I've become a student.



1. All right

2. OK – Хорошо, ладно

3. Very well

4. I agree (with you) – Согласен

5. Willingly – Охотно

6. With pleasure – С удовольствием

7. Of course

8. Sure – Конечно

9. By all means

10. Agreed! – Решено! По рукам

11. It's a go! – Идет!

12. Quite so – Совершенно верно



1. I'm of a different opinion – Я другого мнения.

2. This is out of the question – Об этом не может быть и речи.

3. I object (to it) – Я возражаю

4. No go! – Ничего не выйдет

5. Nothing doing! – Этот номер не пройдет!

6. Not for the world! – Ни за что на свете!

7. Nothing of the sort – Ничего подобного

8. Why on earth! – С какой стати!

9. I doubt in – Сомневаюсь

Read and try to remember:


Pleasure (excited tone)

1. Good!/That's good.

2. Great!/That's great.

3. Marvellous!/That's marvellous.

4. Terrific!/That's terrific.

5. That's nice./That'll be nice.

6. How exciting!

7. How thrilling!

8. How wonderful!

9. Fantastic!


(dull, displeased tone)

1. Oh, no!

2. Oh, dear!

3. Oh, heavens!

4. What a bore!

5. That's the limit!



1. No, thank you. I don't want to.

2. No, certainly not.

3. Why should I?

4. Oh, no!

5. Never!

6. Good heavens, no!


Ways of giving sympathy and encouragement to someone.

A. I've failed my exams.

B. 1. I'm so sorry.

2. I'm sorry to hear that.

3. What a shame!

4. What bad luck!

5. Never mind!

6. Cheer up!

7. You mustn't worry (about it...)

8. It could be worse.


Belief Disbelief

I can quite (well) easily believe it/that. I don't/can't believe it.

It can't be true. (Of course) I believe it.

You can't expect me to believe that. Surely not!

You must be joking.

You are not serious.


A. I (honestly/really) believe/think/feel that...

It's my opinion that...

It my opinion...


Agreement Disagreement

I think so too. I don't (quite) agree (with you).

I agree (with you). I don't think so.

I think you are right. I don't believe that.

(Partial agreement) That's your opinion, not mine.

Well, yes... I don't think you are right (there).

I see what you mean, but...

That may be true, but...


Infinitive Past Indefinite Participle 2 Translation
V1 V2 V3  
to be [bi:] was [wɔz], were [wз:] been [bi:n] Быть
to beat [bi:t] beat [bi:t] beaten ['bi:tn] Бить
to become [bi:kʌm] became [bi:keim] become[bi:kʌm] Становиться
to begin [bi'gin] began [bi'gæn] begun [bi'gʌn] Начинать
to bleed [bli:d] bled [bled] bled [bled] Кровоточить
to blow [blou] blew [blu:] blown [bloun] Дуть
to break [breik] broke [brouk] broken ['brouk(e)n] Ломать
to bring [briŋ] brought [brɔ:t] brought [brɔ:t] Приносить
to build [bild] built [bilt] built [bilt] Строить
to burn [bз:n] burnt [bз:nt] burnt [bз:nt] Гореть
to burst [bз:st] burst [bз:st] burst [bз:st] Разразиться
to buy [bai] bought [bɔ:t] bought [bɔ:t] Покупать
to catch [kætʃ] caught [kɔ:t] caught [kɔ:t] Ловить, хватать, успеть
to choose [tʃu:z] chose [ʃəuz] chosen [tʃəuz(ə)n] Выбирать
to come [kʌm] came [keim] come [kʌm] Приходить
to cost [cɔst] cost [cɔst] cost [cɔst] Стоить
to creep [kri:p] crept [krept] crept [krept] Ползать
to cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] Резать
to do [du:] did [did] done [dʌn] Делать
to draw [drɔ:] drew [dru:] drawn [drɔ:n] Рисовать, тащить
to dream [dri:m] dreamt [dremt] dreamt [dremt] Мечтать, дремать
to drink [driŋk] drank [dræŋk] drunk [drʌŋk] Пить
to drive [draiv] drove [drouv] driven ['drivn] Водить
to eat [i:t] ate [et] eaten ['i:tn] Есть
to fall [fɔ:l] fell [fel] fallen ['fɔ:lən] Падать
to feed [fi:d] fed [fed] fed [fed] Кормить
to feel [fi:l] felt [felt] felt [felt] Чувствовать
to fight [fait] fought [fɔ:t] fought [fɔ:t] Бороться
to find [faind] found [faund] found [faund] Находить
to fit [fit] fit [fit] fit [fit] Подходить по размеру
to fly [flai] flew [flu:] flown [floun] Летать
to forget [fə'get] forgot [fə'gɔt] forgotten [fə'gɔt(ə)n] Забывать
to forgive [fo'giv] forgave [fo'geiv] forgiven [fo'givn] Прощать
to freeze [fri:z] froze [frouz] frozen ['frouzn] Замерзать
to get [ get ] got [gɔt] got [gɔt] Получать
to give [giv] gave [geiv] given [givn] Давать
to go [gou] went [went] gone [gɔn] Идти
to grow [grou] grew [gru:] grown [groun] Расти
to hang [hæŋ] hung [hʌŋ] hung [hʌŋ] Вешать
to have [hæv] had [hæd] had [hæd] Иметь
to hear [hiə] heard [hз:d] heard [hз:d] Слышать
to hide [haid] hid [hid] hidden ['hidn] Прятать
to hit [hit] hit [hit] hit [hit] Попадать в цель
to hold [hould] held [held] held [held] Держать
to hurt [hз:t] hurt [hз:t] hurt [hз:t] Ушибить
to keep [ki:p] kept [kept] kept [kept] Содержать
to kneel [ni:l] knelt [nelt] knelt [nelt] Стоять на коленях
to know [nou] knew [nju:] known [noun] Знать
to lay [lei] laid [leid] laid [leid] Класть
to lead [li:d] led [led] led [led] Вести
to lean [li:n] leant [lent] leant [lent] Наклоняться
to learn [lз:n] learnt [lз:nt] learnt [lз:nt] Учить
to leave [li:v] left [left] left [left] Оставлять
to lend [lend] lent [lent] lent [lent] Занимать
to let [let] let [let] let [let] Позволять
to lie [lai] lay [lei] lain [lein] Лежать
to light [lait] lit [lit] lit [lit] Освещать
to lose [lu:z] lost [lɔst] lost [lɔst] Терять
to make [meik] made [meid] made [meid] Производить
to mean [mi:n] meant [ment] meant [ment] Значить
to meet [mi:t] met [met] met [met] Встречать
to mistake [mis'teik] mistook [mis'tuk] mistaken [mis'teik(e)n] Ошибаться
to pay [pei] paid [peid] paid [peid] Платить
to prove [pru:v] proved [pru:vd] proven [pru:vn] Доказывать
to put [put] put [put] put [put] Положить
to quit [kwit] quit [kwit] quit [kwit] Выходить
to read [ri:d] read [red] read [red] Читать
to ride [raid] rode [roud] ridden ['ridn] Ездить верхом
to ring [riŋ] rang [ræŋ] rung [rʌŋ] Звенеть
to rise [raiz] rose [rouz] risen ['rizn] Подниматься
to run [rʌŋ] ran [ræŋ] run [rʌŋ] Бежать
to say [sei] said [sed] said [sed] Говорить
to see [si:] saw [sɔ:] seen [si:n] Видеть
to seek [si:k] sought [sɔ:t] sought [sɔ:t] Искать
to sell [sel] sold [sould] sold [sould] Продавать
to send [send] sent [sent] sent [sent] Посылать
to set [set] set [set] set [set] Ставить
to sew [sou] sewed [soud] sewn [soun] Шить
to shake [ʃeik] shook [ʃuk] shaken ['ʃeik(ə)n] Встряхивать
to show [ʃəu] showed [ʃəud] shown [ʃəun] Показывать
to shrink [ʃriŋk] shrank [ʃræŋk] shrunk [ʃrʌŋk] Уменьшать
to shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt] Закрывать
to sing [siŋ] sang [sæŋ] sung [sʌŋ] Петь
to sink [siŋk] sank [sæŋk], sunk [sʌŋk] sunk [sʌŋk] Тонуть
to sit [sit] sat [sæt] sat [sæt] Сидеть
to sleep [sli:p] slept [slept] slept [slept] Спать
to slide [slaid] slid [slid] slid [slid] Скользить
to sow [sou] sowed [soud] sown [soun] Сеять
to speak [spi:k] spoke [spouk] spoken ['spouk(e)n] Говорить
to spell [spel] spelt [spelt] spelt [spelt] Произносить по буквам
to spend [spend] spent [spent] spent [spent] Тратить
to spill [spil] spilt [spilt] spilt [spilt] Проливать
to spoil [spɔil] spoilt [spɔilt] spoilt [spɔilt] Портить
to spread [spred] spread [spred] spread [spred] Расстилать
to spring [spriŋ] sprang [spræŋ] sprung [sprʌŋ] Прыгать
to stand [stænd] stood [stu:d] stood [stu:d] Стоять
to steal [sti:l] stole [stoul] stolen ['stəulən] Красть
to stick [stik] stuck [stʌk] stuck [stʌk] Колоть
to sting [stiŋ] stung [stʌŋ] stung [stʌŋ] Жалить
to sweep [swi:p] swept [swept] swept [swept] Выметать
to swell [swel] swelled [sweld] swollen ['swoul(e)n] Разбухать
to swim [swim] swam [swem] swum [swʌm] Плавать
to swing [swiŋ] swung [swʌŋ] swung [swʌŋ] Качать
to take [teik] took [tuk] taken ['teik(ə)n] Брать, взять
to teach [ti:tʃ] taught [tɔ:t] taught [tɔ:t] Учить
to tear [tɛə] tore [tɔ:] torn [tɔ:n] Рвать
to tell [tel] told [tould] told [tould] Рассказывать
to think [θiŋk] thought [θɔ:t] thought [θɔ:t] Думать
to throw [θrəu] threw [θru:] thrown [θrəun] Бросать
to understand [ʌndə'stænd] understood [ʌndə'stud] understood [ʌndə'stud] Понимать
to wake [weik] woke [wouk] woken ['wouk(e)n] Просыпаться
to wear [wɛə] wore [wɔ:] worn [wɔ:n] Носить
to weep [wi:p] wept [wept] wept [wept] Плакать
to wet [wet] wet [wet] wet [wet] Мочить
to win [win] won [wʌn] won [wʌn] Выигрывать
to wind [waind] wound [waund] wound [waund] Извиваться
write [rait] wrote [rout] written ['ritn] Писать




at 5 p.m. – указание на время

at present

at the moment – в настоящее время

at the weekend – в конце недели

at night – ночью

at Christmas – на Рождество


in 5 days – через 5 дней

in a month – через месяц

in the past – в прошлом

in future – в будущем

in spring – весной

in May/June/July – в…

in 1999 – в 1999

in the morning / evening – утром, вечером, днем

in the afternoon


on Monday – указание на день недели

on May 5 – … дату

on Friday morning – в пятницу утром


But: last week

next month

this year



yesterday evening

tomorrow night


How to open a letter:

Dear Sirs – to a company Dear Sir – to a man (you don’t know his name) Dear Madam – to a woman (you don’t know her name) Dear Mr. Brown – to a man Dear Mrs. Brown – to a woman (who is married) Dear Miss Brown – to a woman (who is unmarried) Dear Ms Brown – to a woman (either married or unmarried) Dear Jack – to a friend or someone you know well


5 Put the necessary preposition:

1. We have signed our contract ____________ Tuesday morning.

2. The transfer of ownership will take place ____________ weekend.

3. It’s our lunch time ____________ 12 o’clock.

4. I’ve got an appointment ___________ this evening.

5. Come and see us ___________ evening.

6. I’ll send you message ___________ Monday.

7. Our colleagues arrived late ___________ night.




№ п/п Новое понятие Содержание
a trial суд; испытание, проба
a bailiff судебный исполнитель / судебный пристав
a bribe взятка; взятка, подкуп
a bribe taker взяточник
a briber тот, кто даёт взятку
a claimant заявитель / истец (в цивильных делах)
a convicted заключённый
a crime/(an) offence преступление
a disorderly conduct хулиганство / нарушение общественного порядка
a felony уголовное преступление; тяжкое уголовное преступление
a forgery подлог или подделка документа
a jury присяжные
a petty offence мелкое преступление
a prison тюрьма, темница
a probation officer инспектор, наблюдающий за поведением условно осужденных преступников
a prosecutor прокурор
a responsibility ответственность (за что-л.)
a sentence; verdict приговор
a subpoena повестка в суд; вызов в суд, повестка о явке в суд (под страхом наказания или штрафа в случае неявки)
a theft кража; воровство
a thief вор, лох
abuse of power злоупотребление властью, полномочиями
an attorney for defence адвокат по защите
an attorney for the plaintiff адвокат истца
arson поджог
blackmail шантаж; шантаж; вымогательство
breaking and entering взлом с проникновением
burglary кража со взломом
contempt of court неуважение к суду
fraud мошенничество
guilty (of) виновный (в чём)
house-breaking проникновение в дом
innocent (of), not guilty (of) невиновный (в чём)
kidnapping похищение человека с целью выкупа
manslaughter убийство; человекоубийство
mugging грабёж; хулиганство, групповое нападение; уличный грабеж
murder убийство; убивать (глагол)
perjury ложное показание под присягой
punishment кара, наказание
rape изнасилование
slander злословие, клевета, клеветнические измышления
speeding превышение дозволенной скорости
suicide самоубийство
swindling мошенничество/ жульничество
to shoplift красть в магазине с открытых прилавков, выносить товар неоплаченным (например, под одеждой)



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