Places and people
The playing area for football and rugby is called a pitch. Around the pitch there is an area for spectators/the crowd (= people who watch the game). The total area is the stadium. The playing area for tennis, volleyball and basketball is a court; for golf it is a course.
Football and rugby have a referee; tennis and baseball have an umpire. In football the referee uses a whistle to control the game.
|| vest, shorts, running shoes
| motor racing
|| crash helmet
|| swimming costume (women); trunks (men)
|| vest, shorts, gloves, boots
| ice hockey
|| sticks, skates, puck
|| ski slopes
|| skis, sticks, ski suit, ski boots
1. Read and translate the text.
Speed… excitement… danger... You can find all these in different extreme sports that have become popular for the last 10 years. Take bungee jumping. You jump off a bridge and you fall and fall, and then, just before you hit the ground or water, an elastic ropepulls you back. In sky surfing you jump out of aero plane and use a board to "surf" the air, doing gymnastics in mid-air! And extreme sports on land can be just as dangerous.
Winter sports have always an element of danger. For example, snowboarding, which has all the excitement of surfing but on snow, is more dangerous even than skiing. Probably the most dangerous of all the new winter sports is snow rafting. You sit in a rubber boat and sail down a mountain at great speed – and you can’t control the boat!
Of course, water sports have always been fun. Ice diving is for those people who are absolutely crazy. You put on diving equipmentand dive under a frozen lake. And, if that’s not enough, you try to walk upside down on the ice! One feels cold just thinking about it.
A lot of people are not fit nowadays. It’s a big problem today. If you want to feel fit you'd better go in for one kind of sport or another. I think that everyone must do all he can to be healthy. Good health is above wealth. All kinds of physical exercises are very useful to make our bodies strong and to keep ourselves fit and healthy. Doing sports a man becomes strong, healthy and gay. He begins to take care of his health.
Notes to the text:
Excitement – волнение
Extreme sports – экстремальные виды спорта
A rope – веревка
A rubber boat – резиновая лодка
Equipment – снаряжение
To be fit – быть в форме
Good health is above wealth. – Здоровье – лучшее богатство.
To take care of smth/ smb – заботиться о ч-л/ к-л
Задания по формированию компетенций
Translate the second paragraph of the text in written form.Переведите второй абзац текста письменно.
3. Answer the questions.Ответьте на следующие вопросы.
1. Where can you find speed, excitement and danger?
2. What is it “sky surfing”?
3. Which is the most dangerous winter sport?
4. Are water sports always fun? Why? Why not?
5. What brings up Olympic spirit?