Text 3. Mozyr
Read the text and do the exercises that follow it:
Study the following vocabulary before reading the text:
due to – благодаря
amenity – удобство
Mozyr is situated in the south-eastern part of the Republic of Belarus. It stands on the bank of the river Pripyat. The river divides it into two parts. On one side of the river there is Phov and on the other one there are all other districts of the town.
Mozyr is an ancient town. It was first mentioned in chronicles in 1155. Before the revolution 1917 Mozyr was a town of one-storeyed houses, narrow and dusty streets. It received the Magdebourg right in 1577. In 1793 Mozyr became a part of the Russian Empire. The town was developed due to trade. 6500 persons lived in the middle of the 19th century. People were busy with trading bread, fish, bacon, skin and other goods. The Soviet authority was established in 1917. Many times the town was destroyed and burnt down completely. Mozyr suffered greatly during the fascist occupation which lasted 875 difficult days. But the citizens of Mozyr didn’t give up. At last on the 14th of January 1944 Mozyr was liberated. In post-war years it was rebuilt anew.
Modern Mozyr is a town of numerous plants and factories. The biggest of them are the Oil Refinery and Salt plants, the cable works, the “Nadex” clothing factory, the “Slavyanka” knitted goods factory and other enterprises producing furniture, dairy products, baking bread and other goods.
Mozyr is a university center. There is one of the biggest higher educational establishments “Mozyr State Teachers’ Training University”. Besides there are some vocational schools, colleges and a technicum. Every residential area of the town has kindergartens, secondary schools, shops and everyday services.
Mozyr has a wide range of social, cultural and leisure facilities, such as the Melezh drama theatre, cinemas, sport centers, art galleries, a museum of regional ethnography, some palaces of culture, a lot of libraries, a beautiful park with different entertainment centers. People enjoy their free time in restaurants, cafes, bars or clubs and parks.
Mozyr has a nice scenery. It is surrounded by a beautiful countryside including the ravines with birch groves and an impressive bank-lane of the river Pripyat. The major care of the town is its cleanliness. Flowers blossom everywhere in the town in summer. Mozyr is a perfect and easy town to live in, neither too small nor too big. It combines a friendly small town atmosphere with the amenities of a modern city.
The town is famous for its talented people who lived here. A lot of people know such names as M. Findberg (a conductor), Kseniya Sitnik (a young singer, the winner of Eurovision 2005), I. Mazurkevich (an actress), D. Borisova (a TV show woman), V. Khoruzhaya (a politician), and others.
1. Replace the following definitions by one word from text 3:
– land along each side of a river or canal;
– things, circumstances, surroundings, that make life easy or pleasant;
– a part of a town or a country marked out for a special purpose;
– to be shut in on all sides;
– buildings and equipment of an institution, factory;
– buildings where goods are made (esp. by machinery);
– to get pleasure from;
– a person who lives in a town, not in the country;
– great in number, very many;
– a rural area (contrasted with urban area).
2. Reproduce the sentences from the text in which the following word-combinations are used:
in the south-eastern part,
to occupy an area,
to be famous for,
on the bank,
the impressive bank-lane,
to become a part,
different entertainment centres,
due to trade,
to be busy with,
in post-war years,
to be established,
not to give up,
to be destroyed.
3. Answer the questions on the text:
1. Where is Mozyr situated?
2. What can you say about the past of Mozyr?
3. What do enterprises of the town produce?
4. Mozyr is a town of students, isn’t it?
5. Where can people spend their free time?
6. What is the landscape of Mozyr famous for?
7. Do any famous people come from Mozyr?
8. Is Mozyr your native town?
9. What places of the town attract you most of all?
10. Are you planning to stay here after the graduation from the university?
4. Be ready to speak about your home town (village, settlement). Use the following outline on the topic:
– geographical situation;
– industry (agriculture);
– cultural and educational centers;
– famous people.