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Would в нормальной речи обычно сокращается до 'd



Summary 3-36

Fill in the table yourself

AND 1 CONDITIONALS

Name: Zero Conditional
Rule: We use Zero Conditional for ___________, or something that is always ______________ #
 
Structure:

 

       
 
   
 

 

 


Examples:

1.

2.

3.

Special Features __________ can be used instead of if: #

 

 

Name First Conditional
Rule: We use First conditional to talk about _____________ situations in the _______________ and their ___________________. #
Structure: If-sentence
       
 
   
 

 

 


Examples:

1.

2.

3.

Result sentence
 
 

  NB: _________ _____ __________ ____________________ are called _________ _________________ because they talk about ____________________ which are always ___________, or events which are _________________ or probable in the future.
Special Features 1. Note the difference between 0 and 1st conditional in the sentences below. # # 2. Unless has the meaning of ___________ or _____________________

 

 

AND 1 CONDITIONALS

Name: Zero Conditional
Rule: We use Zero Conditional for facts, or something that is always true. If it's a holiday, the store is closed. If people eat too much, they get fat.
If-sentence
Разницы в употреблении нет.
Structure:

1. Present Simple is used in the result sentence. If you are happy, you smile. 2. You can use modals (can, should, might, must…) in the result sentence. If the alarm goes off, we should leave the building. If it’s rainy and sunny at the same time, you can often see a rainbow. 3. You can use the imperative in the result sentence to give instructions and commands that depend on a condition. If you drink, don’t drive. If you go to London, have some fish and chips.
       
   
 
 


SF
Result Sentence
When can be used instead of if: If/When I shop online, I order shoes.

 

Name First Conditional
Rule: We use First conditional to talk about possible situations in the future and their consequences. If you step on my foot, it will hurt. (It’s a real possibility)
Structure: If-sentence 1. You can use any present tense in the if sentence (Present Simple, Present Continuous and Present Perfect) If you are looking for troubles, you'll find them. When you have finished the letter, I'll post it. Когда закончишь письмо, я его отправлю (подчеркиваем результат)
       
 
   
 

 

 

Result sentence 1. You can use and any future form (Will, Going To, Future Perfect, Future Continuous) in the other part. If I buy a sandwich I am going to eat it at once. 2. You can use modals and imperatives in the result sentence If you don't like the shoes, you can return them. If you have finished your test, go home
 
 

  NB: Zero and first conditionals are called 'real conditionals' because they talk about situations which are always true, or events which are possible or probable in the future.
Special Features 1. Note the difference between 0 and 1st conditional in the sentences below. If you sit in the sun, you get sunburn. (Zero conditional for a general situation/ fact.) If you sit in the sun, you 'II get sunburn. (First conditional for a specific situation. I'm talking to you (personally) about what will happen today.) 2. Unless has the meaning or 'if not' or 'except in this situation'. I'll go straight to the restaurant unless you call me first (I will go straight to the restaurant, if you don't call me first.)

 

Name Second Conditional
Rule We use the Second Conditional to talk about an unreal present or future situation and its result. (Используем, когда говорим о нереальной ситуации в настоящем или будущем и ее результате.) a. the present: If I lived in a palace now, I would give parties all the time. (But I don't live in a palace now, so I don't give parties all the time.) b. the future: If I moved next month, I would buy new furniture. (But I'm not going to move next month, so I won't buy new furniture.)
Structure 1. NB1:The if-sentence uses the Past Simple, but the meaning is not past. If I had more money now, I would take a trip around the world. NB2: After if we can use was or were with I, he, and she. If your sister were/was here, she'd know what to do. Use were with the structure If I were you (на твоем месте) If I were you, I'd buy a new computer. Some people use was with I, he, she, and it. However, many people think this is incorrect. 2. Use might or could in the result sentence if the result is not certain.   They’ve never been to Asia. If they took a trip, they might go to Japan. If they took a trip, they could go to Japan.

Review 0 and 1 Conditionals



Summary 3-36

Fill in the table yourself

AND 1 CONDITIONALS

Name: Zero Conditional
Rule: We use Zero Conditional for ___________, or something that is always ______________ #
 
Structure:

 

       
 
   
 

 

 


Examples:

1.

2.

3.

Special Features __________ can be used instead of if: #

 

 

Name First Conditional
Rule: We use First conditional to talk about _____________ situations in the _______________ and their ___________________. #
Structure: If-sentence
       
 
   
 

 

 


Examples:

1.

2.

3.

Result sentence
 
 

  NB: _________ _____ __________ ____________________ are called _________ _________________ because they talk about ____________________ which are always ___________, or events which are _________________ or probable in the future.
Special Features 1. Note the difference between 0 and 1st conditional in the sentences below. # # 2. Unless has the meaning of ___________ or _____________________

 

 

AND 1 CONDITIONALS

Name: Zero Conditional
Rule: We use Zero Conditional for facts, or something that is always true. If it's a holiday, the store is closed. If people eat too much, they get fat.
If-sentence
Разницы в употреблении нет.
Structure:

1. Present Simple is used in the result sentence. If you are happy, you smile. 2. You can use modals (can, should, might, must…) in the result sentence. If the alarm goes off, we should leave the building. If it’s rainy and sunny at the same time, you can often see a rainbow. 3. You can use the imperative in the result sentence to give instructions and commands that depend on a condition. If you drink, don’t drive. If you go to London, have some fish and chips.
       
   
 
 


SF
Result Sentence
When can be used instead of if: If/When I shop online, I order shoes.



 

Name First Conditional
Rule: We use First conditional to talk about possible situations in the future and their consequences. If you step on my foot, it will hurt. (It’s a real possibility)
Structure: If-sentence 1. You can use any present tense in the if sentence (Present Simple, Present Continuous and Present Perfect) If you are looking for troubles, you'll find them. When you have finished the letter, I'll post it. Когда закончишь письмо, я его отправлю (подчеркиваем результат)
       
 
   
 

 

 

Result sentence 1. You can use and any future form (Will, Going To, Future Perfect, Future Continuous) in the other part. If I buy a sandwich I am going to eat it at once. 2. You can use modals and imperatives in the result sentence If you don't like the shoes, you can return them. If you have finished your test, go home
 
 

  NB: Zero and first conditionals are called 'real conditionals' because they talk about situations which are always true, or events which are possible or probable in the future.
Special Features 1. Note the difference between 0 and 1st conditional in the sentences below. If you sit in the sun, you get sunburn. (Zero conditional for a general situation/ fact.) If you sit in the sun, you 'II get sunburn. (First conditional for a specific situation. I'm talking to you (personally) about what will happen today.) 2. Unless has the meaning or 'if not' or 'except in this situation'. I'll go straight to the restaurant unless you call me first (I will go straight to the restaurant, if you don't call me first.)

 

Name Second Conditional
Rule We use the Second Conditional to talk about an unreal present or future situation and its result. (Используем, когда говорим о нереальной ситуации в настоящем или будущем и ее результате.) a. the present: If I lived in a palace now, I would give parties all the time. (But I don't live in a palace now, so I don't give parties all the time.) b. the future: If I moved next month, I would buy new furniture. (But I'm not going to move next month, so I won't buy new furniture.)
Structure 1. NB1:The if-sentence uses the Past Simple, but the meaning is not past. If I had more money now, I would take a trip around the world. NB2: After if we can use was or were with I, he, and she. If your sister were/was here, she'd know what to do. Use were with the structure If I were you (на твоем месте) If I were you, I'd buy a new computer. Some people use was with I, he, she, and it. However, many people think this is incorrect. 2. Use might or could in the result sentence if the result is not certain.   They’ve never been to Asia. If they took a trip, they might go to Japan. If they took a trip, they could go to Japan.

would в нормальной речи обычно сокращается до 'd

If I had more time, I’d read fairy tales to my children






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