Структурные типы основных галлюциногенов. — КиберПедия 

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Структурные типы основных галлюциногенов.

I. Производные фенилэтиламина

R1=R5=H, R2=R3=R4=OCH3:


(составная часть пейота)=мескалин

R1=R4=OCH3, R2=H, R3=R5=CH3:


(синтетическое вещество)

II. Производные индола

1. Производные триптамина

а) Alkyl=CH3: N,N,-диметилтриптамин (составляющая йопо и пр.)

б) Alkyl=C2H5, C3H7, C3H5: N,N,-диэтилтиптамин и пр. (синтетические вещества)

2. Производные гидрокситриптамина

1) Производные 4-гидрокситриптамина:

а) R=OPO3H, Alkyl=CH2: псилоцибин

R=OH, Alkyl=CH3: псилоцин (составляющие теонанакатля)

б) R=OPO3H, Alkyl=C2H5: CY-19

R=OH, Alkyl=C2H5: CZ-74 (синтетические вещества)

2) Производные 5-гидрокситриптамина:

а) R1=OH, R2=R3=CH3: буфотенин

б) R1=OCH3, R2=R3=CH3: 5-метокси-N,N,-диметилтриптамин

в) R1=OCH3, R2=H, R3=CH3: 5-метокси-N-метилтриптамин (составляющие йопо, кообы, эпены и пр.)

3. Производные цикличного триптамина

1) бета-карболиновые производные:

а) гармин

б) 3,4-дигидрогармин=гармалин

в) d-1,2,3,4-тетрогидрогармин (составляющие аяхуаски и пр.)

2) Проиводные лизергиновой кислоты

а) R1=R2=H: амид d-лизергиновой кислоты

б) R1=H, R2=CHOHCH3: гидроксиэтиламид d-лизергиновой кислоты (составляющая ололиуки)

в) R1=R2=C2H5: диэтиламид d-лизергиновой кислоты (=ЛСД-25) (синтетическое вещество)

3) ибогаин

(составляющая Tabernanthe iboga)

Илл. 28. Таблица индольных галлюциногенов. Из книги Денниса Маккены и Теренса Маккенвы “Невидимый Ландшафт” (New York: Seabury Press, 1975), С. 56-57.


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